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23/5/2018 - Doctoral candidate meeting at Haus Johannisthal in Windischeschenbach

Haus Johannisthal

From May 17th until 18th 2018, the annual doctoral candidate meeting took place at Haus Johannisthal in Windischeschenbach. PhD students of the Chairs for Educational Science I, II & III, as well as the Chair for School Research, School Development and Evaluation presented their dissertation projects to the professors and to their peers. After a short reception, the meeting started with two presentation slots of the dissertation projects. The presenters received immediate feedback as well as extended feedback in particular sessions by the professors and their peers.

Michael Scheumann presented his project about “Expected self-efficacy in reanimation situations by mountain rescue members“ and Manuel Längler presented his project about “Networks of musicians from different expert levels”. Linda Puppe discussed her plans about a study entitled “The role of networks during the professionalisation process of sculptors”. Our new chair member Agnes Cichy and Simon Schmidt had the chance to present their first drafts of their dissertation projects. Agnes Cichy presented her idea of investigating “Emotions in coaching situations” and Simon Schmidt presented his ideas of studies investigating “Peer-to-peer learning in music”.

All participants were extremely satisfied with the structure of the meeting, the professional discussions and not least with the personal interaction between the participants. Holding a further meeting has been set for the next year.

18/5/2018 - New publication

The article entitled „How prior experience, cognitive skills and practice with eye-hand span and performance in video gaming“ by Markus Nivala, Agnes Cichy and Hans Gruber was recently accepted in the Journal of Eye Movement Research. The study's results showed that a short practice period improved performance but did not increase EHS. Instead, EHS was related to task difficulty. It also offers insights into the early development of visual adaptations and performance.

As soon as the article will be published, a link will be provided here in the news section.

10/4/2018 - Guest: Jasperina Brouwer

Jasperina Brouwer

In June 2018 Dr. Jasperina Brouwer will be guest at the University of Regensburg. In collaboration with our chair Dr. Brouwer successfully applied for the International Presidential Visiting Scholar Fellowship of the University of Regensburg. Currently she is Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Behavioral and Social Science at University of Groningen. In her dissertation Dr. Brouwer investigated how social capital and peer networks in small group teaching.

During her stay in Regensburg she will give lectures on “Basics of Social Network Analysis” for Bachelor, Master and PhD Students. She will also give a public lecture on “small group teaching” and how to apply social network analysis to research the processes in the groups. In addition, Dr. Brouwer will collaborate with the academic staff members of our chair.

We are looking forward to welcome Dr. Brouwer in June at the University of Regensburg.

5/3/2018 - EARLI ASC 2018

Earli ASC 2018

From February 19th to 23rd Hans Gruber, Linda Puppe and Manuel Längler were part of the EARLI ASC 2018 on Social Network Analysis in Vienna (Austria).

The Advanced Study Colloquium enables researchers, who are members of EARLI network, to discuss in depth research designs, analysis, results, and current developments of certain research strands. The topic of this year’s ASC meeting was „Social Network Analysis“ with focus on how to apply mixed method approaches (MMSNA) in educational research. During this five day meeting the participants discussed during different workshops and small group sessions about MMSNA, data collection, change, theory, and teaching methods. Manuel Längler presented his work on “Networks of musicians at different expertise levels“. As a joint project of the research group a book publication about Mixed Methods in Social Network Analysis was also part of the discussions.

5/3/2018 - New to the chair: Agnes Cichy

Agnes CichyWe welcome our new PhD candidate Agnes Cichy. In her research Agnes will use eye-tracking to study expertise in video-gaming and music. She will also be involved in teaching. We wish her a good start and look forward working with her.

28/2/2018 - New book chapter publication

Recently, a new book chapter article was published to which Hans Gruber and Halszka Jarodzka contributed. They wrote an article about “Expertise” in the 5th edition of the reference book “Handwörterbuch Pädagogische Psychologie” (in German language). An overview is presented about expertise research, specific research methods and current outcomes. The reference book is targeted at a broad readership, including students and educational practitioners.


Gruber, H., & Jarodzka, H. (2018) Expertise. In D. H. Rost, J. R. Sparfeldt, & S. R. Buch (Eds.), Handwörterbuch Pädagogische Psychologie (5th, rev. and ext. ed., pp. 185–192). Weinheim: Beltz Psychologie.

Link to a PDF flyer of the book.

22/1/2018 - Hans Gruber appointed as Editor-in-Chief of Educational Research Review

Hans Gruber was appointed as Editor-in-Chief of Educational Research Review. Educational Research Review is one of the journals of the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI), published by Elsevier. It is an international journal addressed to researchers and various agencies interested in the review of studies and theoretical papers in education at any level. The journal accepts high quality articles and reviews by scholars focused on issues of importance to education, such as state-of-the-art papers, meta-analytic research reviews, narrative reviews, best-evidence syntheses, research critiques, forum papers and methodological and thematic reviews. The journal does not limit its scope to any age range. The journal invites articles on the broad range of settings in which people learn (school settings, corporate training, formal or informal settings).

With its impact factor of 3.839, Educational Research Review is among the world-wide top leading journals in the fields of educational science and educational psychology. Members of Hans Gruber’s team are the Editors Raija Hämäläinen (Jyväskylä, Finland), Daniel Hickey (Indiana, USA), Ming Fai Pang (Hongkong, China), and Margus Pedaste (Tartu, Estonia), and Jasperina Brouwer, Leen Catrysse and Helen Jossberger as Assistant Editors. Lauren Ashby is the partner as Publisher who has the responsibility for the Education portfolio at Elsevier.

Journal website.

18/1/2018 - Positive in-between evaluation of Dr. Jarodzka’s habilitation

On January, 17th 2018, the Board of the Faculty for Psychology, Educational Science and Sport Science unanimously accepted the proposal of the mentoring group of Dr. Halszka Jarodzka’s habilitation to certify a positive in-between evaluation. Dr. Jarodzka’s topic is “Visual expertise: characteristics, development, and instruction support”. The mentoring group is composed by Professor Hans Gruber, Professor Tamara van Gog (Utrecht, The Netherlands) and Professor Mark Greenlee (University of Regensburg, Professor of Psychology). The group certified outstanding publication and teaching activities. In addition, Dr. Jarodzka is strongly committed in supporting the academic administration at her home university, The Open University of the Netherlands at Heerlen. In 2017, she was appointed as Head of the University’s committee “Ethics, law and policy in research”. In the same year, she was awarded with the prize as Scientist of the Year at her University (https://www.ou.nl/-/ou-wetenschapsprijs-2017-voor-halszka-jarodzka) and succeeded in several large funding activities.

Dr. Jarodzka‘s website.

18/1/2018 - New habilitation candidate at GRG

On January, 17th, 2018, the Board of the Faculty for Psychology, Educational Science and Sport Science unanimously decided to accept Dr. Andreas Gegenfurtner as a new habilitation candidate. Dr. Gegenfurtner graduated in Educational Science from the University of Regensburg, completed his PhD at the Faculty of Education, University of Turku (Finland), supervised by Professor Erno Lehtinen. After his PhD he worked at the TU München and at the University of Maastricht (The Netherlands). Currently he is employed at the Institut für Qualität und Weiterbildung at the Technische Hochschule Deggendorf. With his topic of the habilitation, “Professional vision and visual expertise”, Dr. Gegenfurtner fits well into the research agenda of the GRG. The mentoring group is composed by Professor Hans Gruber, Professor Erno Lehtinen (Turku, Finland) and Professor Christian Wolff (University of Regensburg, Professor of Media Informatics). Dr. Gegenfurtner’s website.

12/1/2018 - New Publication


In vocational education, workplace simulations (WPS) have been implemented to ensure a better connection between the educational setting and the labour market. Moreover, WPS are supposed to motivate students and promote self-directed learning. So far, however, not much is known about the way students experience these WPS. The aim of the present exploratory case study was to investigate students’ perceptions and preparedness for WPS and explore what factors they perceive to be relevant for their learning in these simulations. Forty students from three different pre-vocational secondary schools participated. Semi-structured group interviews were conducted and thematic analysis was used to examine the qualitative data. The results revealed that authentic WPS can increase student motivation and engagement. Learner characteristics regarded as relevant in WPS were motivation, responsibility, independence and discipline. For students, the presence and guidance of the teacher played an essential role in their working and learning effectively. They felt limited in making choices to direct their own learning. Assessment criteria were not transparent enough for students. Concluding, we found that students perceived factors closely related to self-regulated and self-directed learning to be relevant for their learning; however, these learning activities and processes have not yet been sufficiently promoted and supported in the investigated vocational schools. The study highlights design dilemmas for vocational practice and offers indications in how to match both learning environmental characteristics and teacher support tailored to learners’ needs.

If you are interested in reading this article, you can download it here.


Jossberger, H., Brand-Gruwel, S., van de Wiel, M.W.J. et al. Vocations and Learning (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12186-017-9186-7

8/1/2018 - New journal publication

Dr. med. Jochen Pfirstinger

Photo of the first author, Dr. med. Jochen Pfirstinger

Recently, a new journal article was published in the prestigious British Medical Journal Open to which Hans Gruber contributed. The article is an outcome of an interdisciplinary research project in which the GRG collaborates with colleagues from the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Catholic Theology. The objective of the reported study was to compare outpatients from private practices and outpatients from a university clinic regarding the determinants of completion of advance directives (AD) in order to generalise results of studies from one setting to the other. Five determinants of completion of AD were studied: familiarity with AD, source of information about AD, prior experiences with own life-threatening diseases or family members in need of care and motives in favour and against completion of AD.

The article is available open access.


Pfirstinger, J., Bleyer, B. J., Blum, C., Rechenmacher, M., Wiese, C., & Gruber, H. (2017). Determinants of completion of advance directives: A cross-sectional comparison of 649 outpatients from private practices versus 2158 outpatients from a university clinic. BMJ Open 2017;7:e015708. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015708

9/11/2017 - Gleichstellungspreis

The woman's representatives of the Faktultät für Psychologie, Pädagogik und Sportwissenschaft won the prize for their concept on gender equality of the Unversity of Regensburg. Helen Jossberger from our chair is the co-representative of this group. In their application, they suggested a career coaching for female researchers with a focus on an analysis of potential, professional orientation, analysis of strength and weaknesses, optimisation of communication and self-representation, self-management, preparation and realization of further career step. The prize money will be used to implement this coaching at the University of Regensburg.

Gleichstellungspreis 2017 Gleichstellungspreis 2017

9/11/2017 - Guest: Kenneth Holmqvist

Kenneth Holmqvist

During the wintersemster 2017/2018 Prof. Dr. Kenneth Holmqvist will be guest at the University of Regensburg. In collaboration with the chair of Prof. Dr. Mark Greenlee the application for Interationalisierung der Hochschulen was accepted to invite Prof. Dr. Holmqvist to Regensburg. Currently he is Professor in Psychology at Lund University, where he founded the eye-tracking laboratory in 1995, which later grew into the large Humanities Laboratory.

His fields of research cover a large variety of eye-tracking-based research stretching from reading research and scene perception, over to newspaper reading, advertisement studies and gesture recognition in face-to-face interaction. He has also expertise in eye tracking used in applied areas, including decision making in supermarkets and research on safety in car driving and air traffic control. In 2006, he was a founder of the Scandinavian Conference on Applied Eye-tracking, and in 2008, the international LETA training courses in eye-tracking methodology. In 2013, he also organized the ECEM conference.

During his stay in Regensburg, he will give lectures on Thursday from 4-6 pm on eye-tracking. The lectures are based on his book "Eye Tracking: a comprehensive guide to methods and measures".

9/11/2017 - JURE 2017

From August 27th-28th, 2017 the 21st Conference of the JUnior REsearchers of EARLI (European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction) took place in Tampere, Finland. The theme of the conference was “Education in the light of multiple perspectives: Towards intertwining personalized and collaborative learning”.

Manuel Längler presented his work on Networks of Musicians in a roundtable session. The feedback and discussion by all participants were very valuable and useful for the further success of the dissertation project. Besides poster, paper and roundtable sessions interesting 12 workshops about the conference theme, research methodology and the life as Ph.D. were held.

9/11/2017 - EARLI 2017

Earli 2017

From August 29th to September 2nd the 17th Biennial EARLI Conference was hosted by the University of Tampere, Finland. The theme of the conference was "Education in the crossroads of economy and politics – Role of research in the advancement of public good".

As part of the Gruber Research Group, Michael Scheumann, Dr. Helen Jossberger, Manuel Längler, former chair member Dr. Markus Nivala and Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Hans Gruber presented their research in different sessions. Michael Scheumann presented a poster on Paramedics’ technical/non-technical skills and the role of knowledge, self-assessment, and attitude. Helen Jossberger presented a poster on Professional Development in Sculpting: Analysis of Social Interactions and Activities. Manuel Längler presented a paper on How guitarists perceive support for expertise development from different ‘persons in the shadow’. Markus Nivala presented a poster on Detecting errors in program flow diagrams: Comparing novices and advanced programmers and a paper on Chunking in Chess: Expertise Differences in Eye Movements and Recall Performance.

Besides the paper and poster presentations, EARLI president Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Hans Gruber gave the presidential address on Expertise development: Cognitive adaptations and growing networks. The EARLI issue.

1/10/2017 - New Book Publication

Cover Kulturelle BildungA new book on empirical research in cultural education, called "Von Mythen zu Erkenntnissen?“ has been released. It is edited by Sebastian Konietzko, Sarah Kuschel, & Vanessa-Isabelle Reinwand-Weiss and includes one contribution by the interdisciplinary project tap (the art project).

Link to tap

A brief description about the content (in German only):

Prozesse und Wirkungen im Praxisfeld Kultureller Bildung besser zu verstehen und damit Angebote sinnvoll gestalten zu können, ist ein Anliegen, das angesichts öffentlicher Förderprogramme und der Einführung der Ganztagsschule in den letzten Jahren lauter wird. Dieser Band versammelt ausgewählte Beiträge der 7. Tagung des Netzwerks Forschung Kulturelle Bildung. Mit dieser Zusammenstellung ist der Anspruch verbunden, unterschiedlichen, gerade auch kritischen Forschungsperspektiven auf das Praxisfeld Raum zu geben. Gleichzeitig zeigen Einblicke in aktuelle (empirische) Forschungsarbeiten und -ansätze, dass wir uns längst von Mythen in der Kulturelle Bildung verabschieden können.

Link to the publication

1/10/2017 - New to the chair

Jasmin RoweWe welcome the new double degree coordinator. Jasmin Rowe is currently studying her Bachelor in Eduational Science and will support the Double Degree study programme. More information about the programme can be found here.

We wish her a good start and look forward to working with her.

30/8/2017 - Presidential address at EARLI 2017

EARLI 2017 EARLI 2017

On August 29th, Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Hans Gruber gave the presidential address at the 17th Biennial EARLI Conference in Tampere, Finland.

His presentation and speech was titled "Expertise development: Cognitive adaptations and growing networks - The EARLI issue" where he related the development of EARLI to his own research and explained how both evolved over the years.

You can download the presentation as PDF here.

7/8/2017 - Isabell Stein accepted as Ph.D. student

Isabell Stein M.A. submitted her dissertation proposal “Die Herausforderung der Analyse von Blickbewegungen auf 3-dimensionale Stimuli beim mobilen Eye Tracking. Entwicklung und Implementierung neuer Analysemethoden am Beispiel der Domäne der Bildhauerei” (Mobile 3D gaze tracking – Development and implementation of new analysis types in the domain of sculpting) to the Faculty of Psychology, Educational Science and Sport Science. The proposal was accepted on August 9th, 2017. Isabell Stein, who is working at the chair, herewith is recognised as Ph.D. student at the Faculty.

20/7/2017 - Students in Finnish-German Master Programme in Education visit Private-Gymnasium PINDL

PINDL 2017

Since winter term 2012/2013, the University of Regensburg, Germany, offers a Double Degree Master Programme in cooperation with the University of Turku, Finland, called Finnish-German Master Programme in Education. Within this framework, the students get the unique opportunity to gather academic experience both in Germany and in Finland.

Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Hans Gruber and PD Dr. Elena Stamouli worked together with the Private-Gymnasium PINDL in Regensburg to offer this year’s Double Degree students, each of which had completed a teacher training in their home countries, the possibility to visit a Bavarian school (July 11th-14th 2017) and to do classroom observation. The PINDL Gymnasium openheartedly welcomed the Double Degree students and offered an invaluable chance to experience the everyday life in a German school. The students could observe real-life teaching and learning situations in different subjects on different grade levels. It was even possible for the students to assist the pupils in some activities.

“It was a very interesting and exciting week” was the general comment from all the participants. The students were impressed by the “iPad Classes” and how the teachers and students at the PINDL Gymnasium dealt with and benefitted from multimedia learning environments. The PINDL school visit was a great opportunity for the Double Degree students to learn more about the German school system and to get an insight into various teaching methods.

The PINDL Deputy Principal, Gerlinde Pernul, and the Dean of the Faculty of Psychology, Educational Science and Sport Science at the University of Regensburg, Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Hans Gruber, are enthusiastic about this initiative. They already agreed to seek opportunities for further cooperation in the future.

10/7/2017 - Aufruf: Teilnehmer gesucht

In German language only

Netzwerkstudie 2017

Im Rahmen der Dissertation von Manuel Längler, M.A. und der Masterarbeit von Simon Schmidt, B.A. werden aus musikwissenschaftlicher und erziehungswissenschaftlicher Perspektive Faktoren des Übeprozesses von Musikern aus verschiedenen Genres untersucht. Die Ergebnisse sollen später in verschiedenen Studien veröffentlicht werden.

Das Ziel der Dissertation ist es, zu untersuchen, wie Netzwerke das zielgerichtete Üben (Deliberate Practice) von MusikerInnen aus verschieden Genres über die Zeit hinweg unterstützen. Zusätzlich möchten wir herausfinden wie sich Netzwerke von professionellen und Amateur-MusikerInnen unterscheiden. Dies kann für den/die TeilnehmerIn sehr interessant sein, da er/sie während der Untersuchung über das eigene Netzwerk reflektiert und es meistens erstmalig für die Person sichtbar wird. Dies soll vor allem Amateur-MusikerInnen helfen, sich ein leistungsfähiges Netzwerk aufzubauen, welches sie beim zielgerichteten Üben unterstützt.

Ziel der Masterarbeit ist es, zu untersuchen, wie Motivation und Selbstwirksamkeit das Übungsverhalten von GruppenmusikerInnen aus unterschiedlichen Genres beeinflusst. Wir möchten hierbei motivationale Aspekte beim gemeinsamen Musizieren für den/die MusikerIn sichtbar machen und ihm/ihr zu helfen, sich selbst zu motivieren.

Wir sind nun auf der Suche nach TeilnehmerInnen, die freiwillig an der Studie teilnehmen möchten.


Unter allen Teilnehmenden beider Studien werden 5x Gutscheine (Musik Thomann) im Wert von je 20,- Euro verlost.


Den Fragebogen zu der Studie der Dissertation erreichen Sie unter folgendem Link:


Den Fragebogen zu der Studie der Masterarbeit erreichen Sie unter diesem Link:

Vielen Dank für Ihre Mithilfe!

5/7/2017 - JURE 2018 organising committee

JURE 2018

Manuel Längler was appointed to the organising committee for JURE 2018. The conference will take place form 2nd till 6th of July 2018 in Antwerp, Belgium. In the following months, the international team consisting of 12 members for all over Europe will be busy working to organise everything important around the conference. As part of the EARLI (European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction), JURE is a network addressing especially junior researchers at the beginning of their career. The aim of JURE is to represent and support their members on the matters that are of interest to them. At the conference, they participants have the chance to present their PhD thesis and get feedback from advanced researchers from the field. There is also the possibility to take part at different workshops relating to research and the own professional development. During the next weeks the official conference theme will be announced and the conference website will be launched.

27/6/2017 - Doctoral candidate meeting at Haus Johannisthal in Windischeschenbach

Haus Johannisthal

From June 22nd until 23rd 2017, the annual doctoral candidate meeting took place at Haus Johannisthal in Windischeschenbach.

PhD students of the Chairs for Educational Science I, II & III, as well as the Chair for School Research, School Development and Evaluation presented their dissertation projects to the professors and to their peers.

After a short reception, the meeting started with two presentation slots of the dissertation projects. The presenters received immediate feedback as well as extended feedback in particular sessions by the professors and their peers.

Michael Scheumann, M. A. presented his project about “Expected self-efficacy in reanimation situations by mountain rescue members“ and Manuel Längler, M. A. presented his project about “The influence of social network support on the expertise development of musicians”.

All participants were extremely satisfied with the structure of the meeting, the professional discussions and not least with the personal interaction between the participants. Holding a further meeting has been set for the next year.

19/6/2017 - Meeting of the PDRnet in Regensburg

Meeting of the PDRnet in Regensburg

The 6th meeting of the PDRnet (Professional Development Research Network) took place at the University of Regensburg from 8th-11th of June, 2017. This year Helen Jossberger organised the meeting. The initiator of this network was Christian Harteis, who connected GRG with his research team in Paderborn. In the past years, our network grew from a national (Paderborn, Regensburg, Bamberg, Mannheim) to a European network (Leuven, Turku, Gothenburg, Antwerp). The main aim of the PDRnet is to give (young) researchers the opportunity to present their research in a safe environment and get in touch with researchers who share common research interests. Conceptual and empirical research in VET and diverse professions is the working field of all participants. Michael Scheumann presented his PhD project ‘Mountain rescue services’ perceived self-efficacy in resuscitation’ and received valuable feedback.

19/6/2017 - New to the chair: Linda Puppe and Isabell Stein

Isabell SteinLinda PuppeWe welcome our new PhD candidates. In their research, Linda Puppe and Isabell Stein focus on learning and professional development of sculptors. While Linda mainly takes a qualitative approach, Isabell will work with mobile eye tracking. They will also be involved in teaching.

We wish them a good start and look forward working with them!

27/4/2017 - Academic visit from Slovakia at the University of Regensburg

In the framework of the mobility programme ERASMUS+ | 27. – 31.3.2017

Associate Professor Mária Pisoňová and Dr. Adriana Nagyová from our partner Comenius University in Bratislava (Faculty of Education) spent a few days at the University of Regensburg. During their stay the Slovakian scientists, whose major field of expertise is school management, shared ideas to collaborate with colleagues from the Institute of Education at the University of Regensburg. Both scientists also had the opportunity to visit different schools in Regensburg with the aim to learn more about the German school system and to get an insight into teaching methods.

The dean of the faculty, Professor Dr. Dr. h. c. Hans Gruber mentioned during the meeting: “… we’ve found some unexpected links in the time we’ve spent together – such as working with the same people on big projects, and thinking of some potential research collaboration ideas. We’ve also been talking about the possibility of arranging student field trips to Slovakia.”

Link to a poster about the visit.

10/1/2017 - New publication

In the recent issue of ZDM – Mathematics Education, a joint publication of Erno Lehtinen, Minna Hannula-Sormunen, Jake McMullen, and Hans Gruber was published: “Cultivating mathematical skills: From drill-and-practice to deliberate practice.”

DOI 10.1007/s11858-017-0856-6

From the abstract:

Contemporary theories of expertise development highlight the crucial role of deliberate practice in the development of high level performance. Deliberate practice is practice that intentionally aims at improving one’s skills and competencies. It is not a mechanical or repetitive process of making performance more fluid. Instead, it involves a great deal of thinking, problem solving, and reflection for analyzing, conceptualizing, and cultivating developing performance. This includes directing and guiding future training efforts that are then fine-tuned to dynamically evolving levels of performance. Expertise studies, particularly in music and sport, have described early forms of deliberate practice among children.

These findings are made use of in an analysis of the various forms of practice in school mathematics. It is widely accepted that mathematics learning requires practice that results in effortless conducting of lower level processes (such as quick and accurate whole number arithmetic with small numbers), which relieve cognitive capacity for more complex tasks. However, the typical training of mathematical skills in educational contexts can be characterized as drill-and-practice that helps automatize basic skills, but often leads to inert routine skills instead of adaptive and flexible number knowledge. In the article, findings of studies are summarized which describe students’ self-initiated, deliberate practice in learning number knowledge and intervention studies applying deliberate practice in mathematics teaching, including technology-based learning environments aimed at triggering practice that goes beyond mechanical repeating of number skills.

15/3/2017 - New Book Publication

Cover Wissen und LernenA new book on epistemic beliefs in schools, universities and work environments, called "Wissen und Lernen" has been released. It is edited by Andrea Bernholt, Hans Gruber & Barbara Moschner and also includes three contributions by the GRG from Hans Gruber.

A brief description about the content (in German only):
Moderne Wissensgesellschaften stellen durch die in ihnen herrschende Informationsfülle enorme Anforderungen an ihre Mitglieder, die lernen müssen, sich in der Vielfalt der Informationsangebote zurechtzufinden. Sowohl in privaten als auch in gesellschaftlichen Kontexten spielen dabei individuelle Vorstellungen und Überzeugungen zum Wissen und Lernen eine zentrale Rolle. In der Forschung zu solchen epistemischen Überzeugungen wird die Entwicklung subjektiver Theorien eng mit der Untersuchung individueller Lernerfahrungen in institutionellen Lehr- und Lernprozessen verknüpft.

In diesem Band wird ein umfassender Überblick über die Rolle epistemischer Überzeugungen bei Lernenden und Lehrenden verschiedener Altersstufen und in unterschiedlichen Lernkontexten gegeben. Die Beiträge spiegeln unter anderem das Ringen um ein neues (deutschsprachiges) Instrument zur Erfassung epistemischer Überzeugungen wider. Die Autorinnen und Autoren bieten mit dem „Fragebogen zur Erfassung epistemischer Überzeugungen“ (FEE) einen Lösungsvorschlag, mit dem sie sich im weiteren Verlauf kritisch und auf der Basis anknüpfender empirischer Studien auseinandersetzen. In der Gesamtsicht wird auch der Frage nachgegangen, welche epistemischen Überzeugungen für das Lernen relevant sind, und wie diese in einer künftigen Wissensgesellschaft gezielt gefördert werden können.

Link to the publication.

7/3/2017 - In memoriam

Monika AbelMonika Abel, (Rehrl) was born in 13.04.1977. She got her Diploma on 12.04.2002 at the University of Regensburg and then worked under Professor Hans Gruber on the field of education around 5 years. Becoming a university researcher and teacher was her dream and she used all her energy and will for it despising the hazing neurological symptom that teased her and insidiously creeped as a part of her life. In her studies, Moon was especially interested in social network analysis and professional development studies. As a part of her dissertation she created an instrument to measure elements of professionals’ personal networks. For this purpose she travelled to collect material and interviewed scientists in several European countries, fighting against the time and tiredness; doing analyses, giving up everything, starting once more, all over again. Parts of her work can be seen as a seed for Markus Hirschmann’s dissertation, partly it was published as articles, although she never got her dream come true in a form of a dissertation.

During her short academic career Moon got many close colleagues at home and abroad. She was the kind of person who was not the most visible one but who still was an embodied expression charm. She had a face like actresses or photo-models have, with a radiant smile. She might have provided material for a photo exhibition at any museum of art. She was a beloved co-author, teacher, and born conversationalist. She could start a breakfast with a morning coffee in a garden and end it to dinner in the very same garden and company after the whole day refreshing talk. Like all story-tellers, she was a wizard to start inspiring conversations wherever she was. “I am not effective enough”, she said but it was not true. Only the circumstances were against her. Sadly, the heavy years of serious illness finally forced her to social isolation. The last years she spent inside family, still believing possibilities to recover at least partly. “I want to come back to university, once more”, she said, “and to feel the fire of my body and soul”. But it was not possible anymore. The articles for accumulative dissertation waited in vain for the last approval but Moon was already too weak to finish the dissertation.

Although all dreams did not come true, still the most important did. Disdaining medicine and the whole world she gave a birth to three sons. Irrespective of the fact that she lost her ability to walk, move or in concrete take care of her children, her spirit, sense of humor and devotion for them was still left.

Moon’s death has been a shock to many colleagues in the international science communities. There are many questions. Why a mother for three lovely sons needs to die at the age of 39? There’d be so many kisses to give, football games to see, so many stories to tell, sorrows to speak out and funny and serious issues to discuss about. Why a young researcher must give up at the last steps of laborious PhD thesis writing? Why we lost such a great wife, family member, colleague and friend? And above all, why anyone must suffer like she had to? Why, why, and why? No answers to these bitter questions can be found. Instead, it is time to be humble and grateful of all happy and inspiring moments spent together, all wise and joyful conversations in all kind of places, at all possible times of a day, at home, on campus or around Skype or hospital bed.

Moon, we shall remember you the rest of our lives, as you were, a most charming creature God ever made.

Tuire Palonen, Turku/Finland

13/2/2017 - EARLI Newsletter

As EARLI President, Hans Gruber released the January Newsletter of the Association, in which he draws attention to forthcoming events (in particular the Biannual Conference to be held in Tampere, Finland, in August 2017) and to concerns about recent US political decisions which might impact international research associations.

Download Newsletter

9/2/2017 - Aufruf: Teilnehmer gesucht

In German language only

Orgelstudie 2016

Studie zum Blattlesen von Organisten/-innen – Versuchspersonen gesucht

Im Rahmen des Forschungsprojektes “Musik lesen: Augenbewegungen und Expertiseentwicklung” von Professor Dr. Erkki Huovinen (Royal College of Music, Stockholm/Schweden; Universität Jyväskylä/Finnland) und Professor Dr. Dr. h. c. Hans Gruber (Universität Regensburg/Deutschland; Universität Turku/Finnland) werden aus musikwissenschaftlicher und erziehungswissenschaftlicher Perspektive der Prozess des Lesens musikalischer Notation untersucht.

Hierzu möchten wir in Kooperation mit Marjaana Puurtinen, PhD. (Universität Turku/Finnland) mit Hilfe eines Eye-Trackers die Augenbewegungen von Organisten/-innen erfassen, während diese gleichzeitig Musik spielen. Dies ermöglicht es uns nicht nur zu hören, wie gespielt wird, sondern gleichzeitig exakt zu verfolgen, worauf beim Lesen der Notation geachtet wird. Professionelle Organisten/-innen sind hierbei besonders interessant für uns, da beim Orgelspiel die Musik auf drei Notensystemen notiert wird. Dadurch wird das Lesen von Notation ungleich herausfordernder als für die meisten anderen Instrumentalisten. Untersuchungen, in denen das Lesen und Spielen gemeinsam betrachtet werden, sind bisher noch sehr selten. Daher könnten die Ergebnisse für die tägliche Arbeit von professionellen Musikerinnen und Musikern höchst informativ und nützlich sein.

Wir sind auf der Suche nach Versuchspersonen, die an diesem Experiment freiwillig teilnehmen möchten. Ein Experiment dauert insgesamt ca. 30-45 Minuten. Dabei spielen die Teilnehmer wie gewohnt an der Orgel, nur dass die Notation von einem von uns mitgebrachten Computerbildschirm nachgespielt wird statt von einem Blatt Papier. Sollten Sie Interesse haben, wenden Sie sich bitte per Mail an: sekretariat.gruber@ur.de

9/2/2017 - International guest Marjaana Puurtinen, PhD

Marjaana PuurtinenMarjaana Puurtinen, PhD. is working at the Department of Teacher Education Turku Institute for Advanced Studies (TIAS) in Finland. Her general research interests are expertise in music reading, expertise in history, eye-movement research, comprehension of text and visuals and conceptual change research. She will be guest at our chair till March 19th

Currently, she is also coordinating the research consortium titled "Reading Music: Eye Movements and the Development of Expertise", funded by the Academy of Finland (ongoing between 1.9.2014-31.8.2018). The leaders of this project are Professor Dr. Erkki Huovinen (Royal College of Music, Stockholm/Schweden; Universität Jyväskylä/Finnland) and Professor Dr. Dr. h. c. Hans Gruber (Universität Regensburg/Deutschland; Universität Turku/Finnland).

During her stay at our chair, she will be conducting an eye-tracking study with organists. In terms of sight-reading, professional organists are, by far, top experts, and therefore of special interest to our project. As organists are required to read from three staves, their reading task is a lot more demanding than for many other instrumentalists. If you are interested in participating, you can write an email to sekretariat.gruber@ur.de.

25/1/2017 - GRG Outcome Report 2016

As every year, the GRG publishes its outcome report.

It gives an overview for outsiders into the research output as well as teaching and day-to-day activities that have been done within the GRG. Everyone interested can find the report here.

21/1/2017 - Joint Teaching with Halszka Jarodzka

Halszka JarodzkaIn January, Halszka Jarodzka and Helen Jossberger gave a course on ‘Current Research Approaches in Professional Learning’ for Bachelor students in their fifth semester. The course provided insights into professional learning and introduced eye tracking technology. We discussed different professional domains such as teaching, creative domains like music and art, medicine and sports actively. It was an interactive course with live demos of currently running experiments, presentations and creative hands-on activities. Students designed their own experiments, implemented them und ran them using the eye tracker. A great experience!

10/1/2017 - New publication

Jointly with the former GRG members Markus Hirschmann and Monika Rehrl, Hans Gruber published a chapter "Bildungsbezogene Netzwerkforschung" in the 4th edition of one of the most influential German edited books in educational science, the "Handbuch Bildungsforschung" (edited by Rudolf Tippelt and Bernhard Schmidt-Hertha). In the chapter, the relevance of networks and of network research for educational issues is discussed. Types of networks and types of network analysis are outlined, and an overview is provided about the state of the art in research. Network analysis aims at the investigation of relations between actors; while social network analysis often is based on a macro perspective of organisational or societal networks, ego-centric network analysis tries to understand individual networks from a micro perspective.

See link here

5/1/2017 - New publication

Manuel Längler, Markus Nivala and Hans Gruber recently published an article entitled „Peers, parents and teachers: A case study on how popular music guitarists perceive support for expertise development from ‚persons in the shadows‘“ in the journal Musicae Sciencae. The article addresses the role of peers, parents and teachers for musical development in popular music. It is argued that popular musicians perceive the role of teachers and parents differently than classical musicians. In contrast to prior research in classical music, their influence on the musical development seems to be perceived rather small. However, peers were perceived as crucial for the musical development far more then teachers and parents.

The article is available for free here

19/12/2016 - Doctoral defence

Today, 19.12.2016, Simone Aicher defended her dissertation successfully. In her research, she focussed on advance directives, autonomy and paternalism in Psychiatry. She critically discussed free will and ethical challenges. It was an exciting interdisciplinary research project of Philosophy and Educational Science.

30/11/2016 - New to the chair: Sven Kraus

Sven KrausWe welcome our new collegiate assistant. Sven Kraus studies Educational Science. Currently, he is in his third semester.

We wish him a good start and look forward to working with him.

22/11/2016 - ICO International Fall School 2016

ICO International Fall School 2016

From October 31st till November 4th the ICO Fall School took place in Bad Schussenried, Germany. ICO is the Interuniversity Centre for Educational Sciences in the Netherlands and Belgium. It is a research school in the domain of education with the aim of offering advanced courses to its PhD candidates in the Netherlands. At the moment educational institutes of thirteen universities in the Netherlands and Belgium participate in ICO. The Department of Educational Science at the University of Regensburg collaborates as partner already for several years. Hans Gruber and Halszka Jarodzka held a workshop on Eye Tracking and Manuel Längler was presenting his PhD Thesis on “The influence of social network support on the skill development of musicians”. Participating at the ICO International Fall School was a great experience and should be recommended for all PhD-students who do research in the domains of learning, instruction and/or education.

16/11/2016 - New publication

Hans Gruber and Birgit Eiglsperger (Professor for Art Education at the University of Regensburg) recently published a book chapter entitled “Wissen oder Können? Prozesse und Ergebnisse universitärer Lehrerbildung im Licht empirischer Bildungsforschung“. This chapter contributes to a book edited by Peter Loebell and Philipp Martzog (both Freie Hochschule Stuttgart): Wege zur Lehrerpersönlichkeit. Kompetenzerwerb, Persönlichkeitsentwicklung und aktuelle Herausforderungen in der Lehrerbildung (Opladen: Budrich). The chapter addresses current Educational Science research about teacher training. It is argued that research on teacher expertise can inform educational policy about powerful learning environments in teacher education. The case of teacher training in Finland is used to show how research and practice successfully can be blended. Art Education is used as an example to illuminate pathways for research-based teacher training in Germany.

11/11/2016 - Keynote at DHBW in Stuttgart

DHBW 2016

Die Tagung für Praxisanleiterinnen und Praxisanleiter an der Dualen Hochschule Baden-Württemberg hatte das Thema „Praxis als Lernort gestalten“. Auf Einladung von Professorin Monika Sagmeister hielt Helen Jossberger am 10. November einen Vortrag mit dem Titel „Die richtigen Zutaten für eine professionelle Entwicklung“. Mehr Informationen finden sich hier.

2/11/2016 - New Women's Representative

Today it was decided unanimously that Helen Jossberger will act as new women’s representative. She will replace Franziska Kempka. In collaboration with Michaela Ingrisch and Eva Pufke, she will advocate the equalisation of women and men.

More information about can be found here.

26/10/2016 - Schachexperiment – Versuchspersonen gesucht


In Kooperation mit der Universität Paderborn (Christian Harteis und Dagmar Festner) führen wir (Markus Nivala, Helen Jossberger und Hans Gruber) derzeit eine Replikation klassischer Schachexperimente aus der Expertiseforschung durch. Dabei sollen Versuchspersonen unterschiedlicher Schachspielstärke Schachpositionen erinnern und nachbilden, die ihnen für jeweils fünf Sekunden gezeigt werden. Experten überragen Novizen und Laien in solchen Gedächtnisleistungen aufgrund ihrer überlegenen Wissensstrukturen und Erfahrungen. Das Neue in unserem Untersuchungsaufbau besteht in der Aufzeichnung von Augenbewegungen, mit deren Hilfe der Einsatz spezieller Wissensstrukturen ("Chunks") aufgezeigt werden soll.

Wir sind auf der Suche nach Versuchspersonen, die an diesem Experiment freiwillig teilnehmen möchten und eine DWZ (Deutsche Wertungszahl) von 1.500 und höher aufweisen. Ein Experiment dauert insgesamt ca. 30 Minuten und unser Labor steht prinzipiell von Montag bis Samstag zwischen 9.00 Uhr und 21.00 Uhr für Untersuchungen zur Verfügung. Bei Interesse melden Sie sich bitte per Mail an Helen.Jossberger@ur.de.

18/10/2016 - New to the chair: Vanessa Gratton

Vanessa GrattonWe welcome the new double degree coordinator. Vanessa Gratton has completed her Bachelor in Educational Science successfully and just started her master. She will be responsible for all incoming and outgoing students in the Double Degree study programme.

More information about the programme can be found

We wish her a good start and look forward to working with her.

5/10/2016 - New Article: The Role of Prior Knowledge and Students’ Perceptions in Learning of Biomedical Sciences

xxxA new article has been published in collaboration between GRG (Markus Nivala, Hans Gruber) and University of Turku, Finland (Jorma Paranko, Faculty of Medicine, Erno Lehtinen, Faculty of Education). The authors investigated whether medical students’ prior knowledge and perceptions about basic biomedical sciences predict learning of these topics at early phases of the medical education. The results emphasize the role prior knowledge especially in biology has for learning of medicine. Furthermore, the first year medical students seem to value topics that are more closely related to their everyday experiences and less abstract. Basic science topics may benefit from a more integrative pedagogical approach in which the biomedical concepts are conceptualized in diagnostic practice.

Nivala, M., Paranko, J., Gruber, H., Lehtinen, E. (2016). Medical Science Educator. doi:10.1007/s40670-016-0319-7

Link to the publication

4/10/2016 - Interdisciplinary journal article published about learning in emergency medicine

Jan BreckwoldtIn the journal BMC Medical Education, an article has been published which is based on the co-operation of the GRG with medical colleagues from the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Zurich (Switzerland) and from the Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin. The paper Differences in procedural knowledge after a ‘spaced’ and a ‘massed’ version of an intensive course in emergency medicine, investigating a very short spacing interval is co-authored by Jan Breckwoldt, Jan R. Ludwig, Joachim Plener, Torsten Schröder, Hans Gruber and Harm Peters. An Emergency Medicine intensive course of 26 teaching hours was delivered over either 4.5 days, or 3.0 days. After the course students’ procedural knowledge was assessed by a specifically developed video-case based key-feature test. A significant spacing effect was observable even for a short spacing interval in undergraduate medical education. This effect was only moderate and may be weighed against planning needs of faculty and teaching resources.

Reference: BMC Medical Education, 16, 249. doi: 10.1186/s12909-016-0770-6

6/9/2016 - Best Poster Award for Linda Puppe

At the 8th EARLI SIG 14 conference ‘SIGnature: Bridging Professional Development Research’ – held in Regensburg from 24-26 August – Linda Puppe was awarded with the Best Poster Award. Springer sponsored this award with a voucher of € 250,-. Congratulations!

Here is the link to the poster.

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