Since its founding by
Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius in 179 A.D., Regensburg's years have
remained alive, and its remarkable buildings and towers offer an
unspoiled look into the past.
People have settled on the Danube near Regensburg since the Stone
Ages. The Celtic name Radasbona was the oldest name given to a
Regensburg's written history dates back to 179 A.D., when the Roman
camp Castra Regina was completed under Emperor Marcus Aurelius. The
deed for its foundation was hewn in stone ' a table unique in Germany
that can be seen in the city's museum.
After withdrawal of the Romans, Regensburg was the governmental seat
of the Bavarian dukes and Bavaria's first capital. In the time of
Charlemagne, Regensburg became a favored site for Imperial diets and
princely assemblages. With this rise in its political fortunes, the
city also enjoyed an economic boom. In the 12th and 13th centuries,
the ministry officials of the Frankish kings developed into proud and
incredibly wealthy merchants. Their lifestyle rivaled that of the
Regensburg in Dates
Around 90 A.D
Erection of a Roman fort
The Roman fortress Castra Regina is founded for the Third
Italic Legion during the reign of Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
Castra Regina is known as Rega-nespurc and is made the
residence of the Dukes of the House of Agilolf and the first capital
city of Bavaria.
St. Boniface founds the Bishopric of Regensburg.
Duke Tassilo III, last of the Agilolfing dynasty, deposed by Charlemagne.
11th and 12th Centuries
Three armies of Crusaders gather in
Regensburg and set off on journeys to the Holy Land.
12th and 13th Centuries
Regensburg enjoys period of flourishing economy with trading
connections as far as Paris, Venice and Kiev. At this time Regensburg
is one of Europe's wealthiest cities. The Romanesque and Gothic
architecture of the Middle Ages is still prominent today in the Old
1135 - 1146
Stone Bridge erected. This miracle of medieval
engineering served as a model for many bridge building projects,
including the Charles Bridge in Prague.
Henry the Lion deposed as Duke of Bavaria by Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa during Imperial Diet in Regensburg. Wittelsbachs
established as ruling dynasty.
Emperor Friedrich II
bestows on the city the right of self-government with the privilege of
'setting up a Mayor and Council.' Regensburg remains a free imperial
city until 1803.
The Council of the City adopts the Protestant faith.
Love affair blossoms during the Imperial Diet between Emperor
Karl V. and Barbara Blomberg, the daughter of a Regensburg
craftsman. Their son, Don Juan of Austria, defeats the Turks in the
naval battle of Lepanto in 1571.
Having fallen severely ill, the astronomer Johannes Kepler dies in the city.
1633 - 1634
During the Thirty Year's War, Regensburg is taken by
storm by the Swedes under Bernhard von Weimar and won back again by
Imperial and Bavarian troops.
1663 - 1806
Regensburg is the
seat of the Perpetual Imperial Diet.
Holy Roman Empire dissolved in Regensburg.
Regensburg is attacked and taken by storm by French troops under Napoleon.
Railway lines opened to Munich and Nuremberg.
Opening of Luitpold Dock Basin (now Western Docks).
Synagogue destroyed during so-called "Crystal Night".
Major air-raid kills 402.
Bridges over Danube blown up; women demonstrate for peaceful surrender of city; city occupied by American forces.
Construction of Eastern Dock Basin.
Laying of a foundation stone of the fourth Bavarian university.
Regensburg-Kelheim section of the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal completed.
Regensburg celebrates the 1800th anniversary of the
foundation of Castra Regina.
1000th anniversary of the death of St. Wolfgang, the
diocese's patron saint.
750th anniversary of status as Free Imperial City.