Dielectric Relaxation Processes in Ethanol/Water Mixtures

T. Sato and R. Buchner

J. Chem. Phys. A108 (2004) 5007-5015

Abstract

We have determined the complex dielectric spectra of ethanol/water mixtures at 25°C for the nine molar fractions of ethanol, XEA=0.04, 0.08, 0.11, 0.18, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9, and 1.0 in the frequency range of 0.1 <=n/GHz <=89 using TDR in 0.1 <=n/GHz <=25 and wave guide interferometers in 13 <=n/GHz <=89. At 0.3 <=XEA <=1.0, a three-step relaxation model turns out to be most appropriate. Besides a Cole-Cole relaxation for the dominating low-frequency process (j=1), assigned to the cooperative dynamics of the H-bond system, which exhibits a pronounced increase of its relaxation time, t1, when going from XEA=0 to 1, two additional Debye terms (j=2 and j=3) with the relaxation times of t2~10ps and t3~1-2ps are required to reproduce the high-frequency part of the spectrum. In view of the relaxation mechanisms of pure liquids, these high-frequency processes can respectively be assigned to the motion of singly H-bonded ethanol monomers at the ends of the chain structure (j=2) and the flipping motion of free OH (j=3). The unusual increase of the amplitude De2 with decreasing XEA in ~0.5 <=XEA <=1.0 strongly suggests insertion of water molecules into the zigzag structure of winding H-bonded ethanol chains resulting in a reduction of the average chain length and an increase of the number of end-standing ethanol molecules that can contribute to the t2-mode. At XEA< 03, t1 rapidly approaches t3 and De2 → 0 so that the intermediate ethanol monomer process (j=2) becomes inseparable while the fast switching process with t3~1ps can always be resolved. The analysis of the effective dipolar correlation factor, geff, revealed that the parallel arrangement of the dipole vectors of ethanol molecules is fairly disturbed by the presence of small amounts of water. Water has a strong perturbation effect on the ethanol hydrogen-bonding chain structure in the ethanol-rich region of 0.3 <=XEA <=1.0.

(c) 2004 Berger Georg