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Apl. Professor Richard Buchner


Vita

Curriculum Vitae

1986

PhD with Prof. J. Barthel, Universität Regensburg (The Influence of Electrolytes and Non-polar Substances on the Dielectric Properties of Methanol and Water in the Gigahertz Range).

1986

Akademischer Rat (senior research assistant) at the Institut für Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Universität Regensburg, specializing on dielectric relaxation spectroscopy.

1986/87

NATO Research Fellow with Prof. J. Yarwood, University of Durham, UK:

Far-infrared spectroscopy of liquids with intermolecular hydrogen bonds.

1996

Guest Scientist at the Dept. of Molecular Design and Engineering (Prof.

H. Nomura), Nagoya University, Japan (Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science).

1997

Akademischer Oberrat

1997

Habilitation in Physical Chemistry with Habilitationsschrift (thesis) Development of a Time-Domain Refiectometer for the Investigation of Ion-pair Relaxation in Electrolyte Solutions.


1997

Privatdozent at the Universität Regensburg.

1997/98

Visiting Research Fellow of Murdoch University, Australia

2003

Außerplanmäßiger Professor (adjunct professor)

2007

Akademischer Direktor


Personal member of the Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker, the Deutsche Bunsen-Gesellschaft für Physikalische Chemie, the European Molecular Liquids Group (Chairman 2007-2013), and the Deutsche Gesellschaft der JSPS-Stipendiaten.


Editorial Board Member of the Journal of Molecular Liquids, the Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, and the Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie.

Publications

The following list is a selection of all publications of Prof. R. Buchner. You can find the full publication list under the Button "Pubilcations".

 

  1. J. Barthel, K. Bachhuber, R. Buchner, J.B. Gill, and M. Kleebauer
    Dielectric Spectra of Some Common Solvents in the Microwave Region. Dipolar Aprotic Solvents and Amides,Chem. Phys. Lett.167 (1990) 62-66  Available online at http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/24348
  2. R. Buchner, J. Barthel, and J. Stauber ,The Dielectric Relaxation of Water between 0 °C and 35 °C, Chem. Phys. Lett., 306 (1999) 57-63.  Available online at  http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/24346
  3. R. Buchner, C. Hölzl, J. Stauber and J. Barthel ,Dielectric Relaxation of Aqueous Tetraalkylammonium Halides, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 4 (2002) 2169-2179.
    Available online at http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/24357
  4. P. Fernandez, S. Schrödle, R. Buchner* and W. Kunz, Micelle and Solvent Relaxation in Aqueaous SDS Solutions, ChemPhysChem 4 (2003) 1065-1072 Available online at  http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/24349
  5. T. Sato and R. Buchner, The cooperative dynamics of the H-bond system in 2-propanol/water mixtures: Steric hindrance effects of non-polar head group, J. Chem. Phys. 119 (2003) 10789-10800. Available online at http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/24350
  6. R. Buchner, T. Chen and G. Hefter, Complexity in 'Simple' Electrolyte Solutions: Ion Pairing in MgSO4(aq), J. Phys. Chem. B 108 (2004) 2365-2375.  Available online at http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/24351
  7. T. Fukasawa, T. Sato*, J. Watanabe, Y. Hama, W. Kunz and R. Buchner* ,
    Relation between dielectric and low-frequency Raman spectra of hydrogen-bond liquids Phys. Rev. Lett. 95 (2005) 197802. Available online at http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/24352
  8. Johannes Hunger, Alexander Stoppa, Simon Schrödle, Glenn Hefter and Richard Buchner, Temperature dependence of the dielectric properties and dynamics of ionic liquids, ChemPhysChem  10   (2009) 723-733. Available online at http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/24353
  9. D. A. Turton, J. Hunger, A. Stoppa, G. Hefter, A. Thoman, M. Walther, R. Buchner and K. Wynne, Dynamics of Imidazolium Ionic Liquids from a Combined Dielectric Relaxation and Optical Kerr Effect Study: Evidence for Mesoscale Aggregation, J. Am. Chem. Soc.   131  (2009) 11140-11146. Available online at http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/24354
  10. H. M. A. Rahman, G. Hefter and R. Buchner* , Hydration of Formate and Acetate Ions by Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. B  116  (2012) 314-323.Available online at http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/24355

Research

Research Interests of apl. Prof. Dr. Richard Buchner

The complete Information also in Pdf Logo 1

Our Research: Speciation, Structure and Dynamics in Complex Liquids


The group mainly uses dielectric relaxation spectroscopy, accompanied by conductivity and viscosity measurements, to probe transport properties, structure and cooperative dynamics of complex liquids. Our facilities are supplemented by external cooperation partners specializing in

Current topics are

Electrolyte solutions are relevant in many areas, ranging from biology and geochemistry to technical applications. We study for aqueous and nonaqueous solutions

  •  Solute & solvent dynamics  relaxation mechanism, activation parameters
  •  Solute-solvent interactions solvation numbers
  • Solute-solute interactions species present, ion-pair concentrations, association constants

We found

  • Multi-step ion-pair formation common for strongly associating electrolytes
  • Ion-cloud relaxation not negligible for weakly associating electrolytes
  • Strongly and weakly bound hydration water can be distinguished
  • Bulk solvent dynamics may be affected by solute

 

Recent publications:

  • A. Eiberweiser and R. Buchner, Ion-pair or Ion-cloud Relaxation? On the Origin of Small-amplitude Low-frequency Relaxations of Weakly Associating Aqueous Electrolytes, J. Mol. Liq. DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2012.03.025
  • H. M. A. Rahman, G. Hefter and R. Buchner, Hydration of Formate and Acetate Ions by Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. B 116 (2012) 314-323. DOI: 10.1021/jp207504d
  • A. Płaczek, G. Hefter, H. M. A. Rahman and R. Buchner, Dielectric Relaxation Study of the Ion Solvation and Association of NaCF3SO3, Mg(CF3SO3)2 and Ba(ClO4)2 in N,N-Dimethylformamide, J. Phys. Chem. B 115 (2011) 2234-2242. DOI: 10.1021/jp1116307

Ionic Liquids

Ionic liquids are room-temperature molten salts with many potential applications, either in the pure state or mixed with conventional solvents.

Pure ionic liquids exhibit

  • Complicated dynamics extending from a few hundred femtoseconds to several nanoseconds (frequency range ~10 MHz  to 10 THz)
  • Significant THz-contributions from intermolecular vibrations and librations
  • Ion reorientation through large-angle jumps
  • Ion caging on nanosecond time-scale
  • Aggregate formation for imidazolium ILs

IL+solvent mixtures show

  • Smooth transition from electrolyte-solution like to molten-salt like behaviour at IL mole fractions xIL » 0.3-0.5
  • Compared to pure IL, dynamics in molten-salt like region accelerated (solvent “lubricates” IL)
  • Solvent-dependent degree of ion pairing at low xIL
  • Generally weak ion solvation

Recent publications:

  • J. Hunger, T. Sonnleitner, L. Liu, R. Buchner, M. Bonn, and H. J. Bakker, Hydrogen-Bond Jump Reorientation Dynamics in a Protic Ionic Liquid, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3 (2012) 3034-3038. DOI: 10.1021/jz301247nH.
  • A. Stoppa, J. Hunger, G. Hefter and R. Buchner, Structure and Dynamics of 1-N-Alkyl-3-N-Methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate + Acetonitrile Mixtures, J. Phys. Chem. B 116 (2012) 7509-7521.DOI:10.1021/jp302067
  • D. A. Turton, T. Sonnleitner, A. Ortner, M. Walther, G. Hefter, K. R. Seddon, S. Stana, N. V. Plechkova, R. Buchner and K. Wynne, Structure and dynamics in protic ionic liquids: A combined ultrafast optical Kerr-effect (OKE) & dielectric study, Faraday Discuss. Chem. Soc. 154 (2012) 145-153.        DOI: 10.1039/C1FD00054C

Osmolytes

 Osmolytes are compounds that counteract osmotic or hydrostatic pressure and stabilize proteins. Thus, they allow organisms to adapt to hostile environments, like highly saline waters. We study

  •    Osmolyte hydration
  •    Osmolyte-osmolyte interactions
  •   The impact of osmolytes on bulk-water structure and dynamics

Recent publications:

  • J. Hunger, K.-J. Tielrooij, R. Buchner, M. Bonn and H. Bakker, Complex Formation in Aqueous Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) Solutions, J. Phys. Chem. B 116 (2012) 4783-4795. DOI: 10.1021/jp12542q
  • K.-J. Tielrooij, J. Hunger, R. Buchner, M. Bonn and H. Bakker, Influence of concentration and temperature on the dynamics of water in the hydrophobic hydration shell of Tetramethylurea, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132 (2010) 15671-15678. DOI: 10.1021/ja06273w

Micelles, Microemulsions and Polyelectrolytes

Micelles, microemulsions and polyelectrolytes are ubiquitous colloidal systems with properties governed by long-range cooperativity. With DRS we study

  • Headgroup hydration of ionic and nonionic surfactants
  • Location and mobility of bound counterions
  •  Phase behavior

Recent publications:

  • W. Wachter, G. Trimmel, R. Buchner and O. Glatter, Dynamics of Water Confined in Self-Assembled Monoglyceride-Water-Oil Phases, Soft Matter 7 (2011) 1409-1417. DOI: 10.1039/c0sm00681e
  • T. Sato, T. Fukasawa, K. Arimaki, O. Glatter and R. Buchner, Molecular to diffusion dynamics and static structures of aqueous micellar solutions: A SAXS/DLS/DRS study, J. Mol. Liq. 159 (2011) 76-82. DOI:10.1016/j.molliq.2010.06.001
  • M. Lukšic, R. Buchner, B. Hribar-Lee and V. Vlachy, Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy of aliphatic ionene bromides and fluorides in water. The role of the polyion’s charge density and the nature of counter-ions, Macromolecules 42 (2009) 4337-4342. DOI: 10.1021/ma900097c

Open Positions

Themen für Masterarbeit

1.)   Hydration of and Counterion Condensation at Micelles of

        1-Dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium Cations  more Info

2.). Thema: Ion Hydration and Association of Aqueous Eu3+ Salt Solutions   more Info

  1. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICAL AND THEORETICAL CHEMISTRY
  2. Solution Chemistry Group

PCII / Solution Chemistry Microwaves

Prof. Dr. Richard Buchner

Prof Buchner

Building "CH", Room 12.2.12

 

Phone:        0941 943 4031

 

Telefax:      0941 943 4532