room: PT 3.2.73
phone:+49 (0) 941 / 943 - 3478
fax:+49 (0) 941 / 943 - 3590
University of Regensburg
93040 Regensburg, Germany
Office hours during semester break Winter 2020/2021 (via telephone or Zoom):
Tuesday, Feb 16, 4-6 pm
Tuesday, Feb 23, 4-6 pm
Tuesday, March 2, 4-6 pm
Tuesady, March 9, 4-6 pm
Tuesday, March 16, 4-6 pm
Tuesday, March 23, 4-6 pm
Tuesday, March 30, 4-6 pm
And by appointment.
Please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org to register for the office hours by Monday, 6pm.
- Transnational American Studies
- American Antislavery Literature
- Nineteenth-Century Print Cultures
- African American Literature and Culture
- Performance Theory, Cultural Performance, Theater and Protest
10/2019 – Professor, American Studies (Lehrstuhlvertretung Prof. Udo Hebel), University of Regensburg
04/2010 – 09/2019 Assistant Professor, American Studies, Obama Institute for Transnational American Studies, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz
06/2017 – 08/2017 Visiting Professor, York University, Toronto
08/2011 – 9/2012 Visiting Scholar, Georgetown University, Washington D.C.
1/2005 – 3/2010 Instructor (Wissenschaftl. Mitarbeiterin), American Studies, University of Siegen
Degree and Research Projects
Habilitation: “Re-Configuring the Nation: Transnationalism and Gender in American Abolitionist Literature” (submitted June 2019, JGU Mainz)
DFG Research Network with Dr. Birgit Bauridl (U Regensburg); wissenschaftliches Netzwerk DFG # BA 3567 / 4-1; “Cultural Performance in Transnational American Studies” 2014-2018 (36 months + ext.).
PhD American Studies, “Protest EnACTed: Activist Performance in the Contemporary United States” (U Siegen, 2010)
Awards and Grants
- 2020 Rob Kroes Publication Award for best unpublished book-length manuscript "Reconfiguring the Nation: Transnationalism and Gender in Nineteenth-Century American Abolitionist Literature", 2020.
- DFG funding for international symposium “From Abolition to Black Lives Matter: Past and Present Forms of Transnational Black Resistance,” JGU, November 2017.
- DFG funding, research network “Cultural Performance in Transnational American Studies” (network coordinators: Birgit Bauridl and Pia Wiegmink), 2014-2018.
- 12 months DAAD Postdoc Fellowship, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 2012.
- Eccles Centre Fellowship in North American Studies, Eccles Centre for American Studies at the British Library, London, 2011.
- DAAD funding for research at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Sept/Oct. 2006.
- DAAD-Förderung Konferenzreise, Annual Meeting of the American Studies Association, and Society for the Study of American Women Writers (2018, 2016, 2015, 2012)
- “inneruniversitäre Forschungsförderung” JGU Mainz (various international conferences, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013)
- Forthcoming Publications
- Edited Collections/ Special Issues
- Essays (peer-reviewed)
"Race, Slavery, and Emigration in Nancy Prince's Life Writing." African American Literature in Transition, vol. 3, 1830-1850, edited by Benjamin Fagan, Cambridge University Press. (Accepted for Publication)
"African American Women in Europe, 1850s." In Search of Liberty: African American Internationalism in Nineteenth Century Atlantic World, edited by Ousamane Power-Greene and Ronald Angelo Johnson, University of Georgia Press. (Accepted for Publication)
American Culture as Transnational Performance: Commons, Skills, Traces, edited by Katrin Horn, Leopold Lippert, Ilka Saal, and Pia Wiegmink, Routledge. (Forthcoming in 2021)
With Andrea Zittlau, "Interview with Performance Artist Denise Uyehara." American Culture as Transnational Performance: Commons, Skills, Traces, edited by Katrin Horn, Leopold Lippert, Ilka Saal, and Pia Wiegmink, Routledge. (Forthcoming in 2021)
Protest EnACTed: Activist Performance in the Contemporary United States. Heidelberg: Winter, 2011.
Reviewed in Journal of Contemporary Drama in English 1.2 (2013): 337-40 and in Amerikastudien / American Studies 60.4 (2016).
Chapter 3, “Performance and Politics in the Public Sphere,” reprinted in Journal of Transnational American Studies 3.2 (2011)
Theatralität und öffentlicher Raum: Die Situationistische Internationale am Schnittpunkt von Kunst und Politik. Marburg: Tectum, 2005.
Edited Collections/ Special Issues
with Frank Obenland, Nele Sawallisch, und Johanna Seibert. Transnational Black Politics and Resistance: From Enslavement to Obama (SPECIAL FORUM Journal for Transnational American Studies), Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019).
with Heike Raphael-Hernandez. German Entanglements in Transatlantic Slavery (Special Issue, Atlantic Studies: Global Currents 14.4, 2017). Taylor & Francis. (reprinted by Routledge as edited collection in 2018)
Approaching Transnational America in Performance. Eds. Birgit M. Bauridl and Pia Wiegmink. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2016.
"Tearing the Envelope: Harriet Jacobs’s 'Epistolary Activism‘." Amerikastudien / American Studies 64.3 (2019): 373-390. https://amst.winter-verlag.de/data/article/9285/pdf/101903005.pdf
“The Serial Character of Abolition: Charting Transatlantic and Gendered Critiques of Slavery in The Liberty Bell” Popular Culture –Serial Culture: Nineteenth-Century Serial Fictions in Transnational Perspective, 1830s-1860s. Eds. Daniel Stein and Lisanna Wiele. London: Palgrave, 2019. 145-159.
“Antislavery Discourses in Nineteenth-Century German American Women’s Fiction.” Atlantic Studies: Global Currents 14.1 (2017): 476-496. dx.doi.org/10.1080/14788810.2017.1314433
with Birgit Bauridl. “Toward an Integrative Model of Performance in Transnational American Studies.” Amerikastudien/American Studies 60.1 (2015): 157-168.
with Sonja Georgi. “Coloured in South Africa: An Interview with Filmmaker Kiersten Dunbar Chace and Photojournalist Rushay Booysen.” Migrating the Black Body: The African Diaspora and Visual Culture. Ed. Heike Raphael-Hernandez and Leigh Raiford. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2017. 221-235.
with Birgit Bauridl. “Cultural Performance and Transnational American Studies.” Routledge Companion to Transnational American Studies. Ed. Nina Morgan, Alfred Hornung, and Takayuki Tatsumi. London: Routledge, 2019. 85–95.
“Race, Slavery, and Emigration in Nancy Prince’s Life Writing.” African American Literature in Transition, vol. 3, 1830-1850. Ed. Benjamin Fagan. New York: Cambridge University Press, accepted for publication.
with Heike Raphael-Hernandez. “German Entanglements in Transatlantic Slavery: An Introduction.” Atlantic Studies: Global Currents 14.1. (2017): 419-435. dx.doi.org/10.1080/14788810.2017.1366009
with Birgit Bauridl. “Introduction: Approaching Transnational America in Performance.” Approaching Transnational America in Performance. Ed. Birgit M. Bauridl and Pia Wiegmink. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2016. 7-16.
“Friends of Freedom: The Transatlantic Networks of Boston’s Women Abolitionists.” Atlantic Crosscurrents: Women’s Networks in the Long Nineteenth Century. Ed. Sandra H. Petrulionis, Julia Nitz and Theresa Schön. Heidelberg: Winter, 2016. 91-105.
“Naomi Wallace.” The Methuen Guide to Contemporary American Drama. Ed. Martin Middeke, Peter Paul Schnierer, Christoper Innes and Matthew C. Roudané. London/New York: Bloomsbury, 2014. 391-410.
“Alles nur Theater? Über das Verhältnis von Protest und Performance.” Kunstforum International 224 (2014): 110-121.
“Protesting Corporate Greed and ‘The Problem of Speaking for Others.’” American Economies. Eds. Eva Boesenberg, Martin Klepper and Reinhard Isensee. Heidelberg: Winter, 2012. 199-219.
with Matthias Oppermann. “Add Change as Friend?”–The Obama Campaign between Social Network and Political Narrative." Forever Young? The Changing Images of America. (European Views of the United States). Ed. Philip Coleman and Stephen Matterson. Heidelberg: Winter, 2012. 93-104.
“ActEthics.” Ethical Debates in Contemporary Theatre and Drama (Contemporary Drama in English 20). Eds. Bernhard Reitz and Mark Berninger. Trier: WVT, 2012. 151-162.
“Parody, Politics, and the Public Sphere: The Billionaires for Bush’s Mock Electoral Campaigns.” The American Presidency: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Ed. Wilfried Mausbach, Dietmar Schloss, and Martin Thunert. Heidelberg: Winter, 2012. 287-310.
“‘You Stole My Sidamo’: Reverend Billy and the Stop Shopping Gospel Choir on Their Crusade Against Consumerism.” Cornbread and Cuchifritos: Ethnic Identity Politics, Transnationalization, and Transculturation in American Urban Popular Music (Inter-American Studies 2). Ed. Wilfried Raussert and Michelle Habell-Pallán. Trier: WVT, 2011. 259-78.
“Performance meets Activism: The Billionaires for Bush’s Spectacles of Protest.” Adaptations – Performing across Media and Genres. (Contemporary Drama in English 17). Eds. Eckart Voigts-Virchow and Monika Prietrzak-Franger. Trier: WVT, 2009. 159-72.
“Electronic Disturbances: Creative Resistance on the Net.” American Studies as Media Studies. Ed. Frank Kelleter and Daniel Stein. Heidelberg: Winter, 2009. 261-270.
“Turning the Test Beds: Performance Art and Genetic Engineering.” fiar – forum for inter-american research 1: 2008.
“Volatile Performances: American Corporations, Fake Websites and Media Activism in a Transnational Perspective.” Hostile Takeovers: On Violence and Media. Ed. Friedemann Kreuder and Constanze Schuler. Marburg: Tectum, 2008. 85-92.
“Performing Resistance: Contemporary American Performance Activism.” COPAS: Current Objectives of Postgraduate American Studies 7: 2006; Performing the Matrix: Mediating Cultural Performances. Ed. Meike Wagner and Wolf Dieter Ernst. Munich: epodium, 2008. 307-319.
“Carsten Junker. Patterns of Positioning: On the Poetics of Early Abolition.” ZAA: Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 65.4 (2017): 450-53.
“Martha Schoolman: Abolitionist Geographies.” African American Review 48.3 (2015): 387-89.
“Philip K. Colin, ed. Contemporary African American Women Playwrights: A Casebook.” Journal for Contemporary Drama in English 2.1 (2014): 119-22.
“Kirk Savage: Monument Wars: Washington D.C., the National Mall, and the Transformation of the Memorial Landscape.” Amerikastudien 56.3 (2011): 473-475.
“Soyini D. Madison: Acts of Activism: Human Rights as Radical Performance.” Theatre Research International 36.1 (2011): 79-80.
“Susan C. Haedicke, Deirdre Heddon, Avraham Oz and E. J. Westlake, ed. Political Performances: Theory and Practice.” Theatre Research International 35.2 (2010): 213-14.
“Cultural Performance and Transnational American Studies”, with Birgit M. Bauridl (DFG Netzwerk Cultural Performance), Obama Institute, JGU Mainz [Keynotes: Werner Sollors, Denise Uyehara] June 2018.
“From Abolition to Black Lives Matter: Past and Present Forms of Black Transnational Resistance”, with Frank Obenland, Nele Sawallisch und Johanna Seibert. Obama Insititute, JGU Mainz. [Keynotes: Charmaine Nelson, Dorothy Tsuruta, Vincent Caretta] Oct. 2017.
“Environment Meets Performance: Current Research in Transnational American Studies”, with Birgit Bauridl und Timo Müller. (DFG Netzwerk Cultural Performance), Universität Regensburg. [Keynote: David Terry] Sep. 2017.
“Performance Matters: Theories, Concepts, Methods”, with Brigit M. Bauridl. (DFG Netzwerk Cultural Performance), JGU Mainz. [Keynote: Friedemann Kreuder] March 2016.
“Interdiciplinary Crossroads: Performance Studies in Transnational American Studies”, with Birgit M. Bauridl. (DFG Netzwerk Cultural Performance), Universität Regensburg. [Keynotes: John Carlos Rowe, Michael Bachmann, Ben Chappell] July 2015.
“New Borders in American Studies?”, with Mita Banerjee and Sonja Georgi, Universität Siegen. October 2008.
“Virtually American? Denationalizing North American Studies,” with Mita Banerjee, Universität Siegen. [Keynote: Sau-ling Wong] Oct. 2005.
“Travelling Beyond the Slave Narrative: The Transnational Autobiographies of Nancy Prince and Eliza Potter” (Universität Bayreuth), July 2019.
“Friends of Freedom: Female Editorship and Transatlantic Communities of Affection in The Liberty Bell” (Universität Wien), June 2019.
“Frauen und Fotografie” (Denkanstösse, Interdisziplinäre Lunch Lecture, JGU), May 2019.
“Travelling Beyond the Slave Narrative: Mobility and Belonging in Antebellum African American Women's Life Writing” (Unhinging the National Framework: Perspectives on Transnational Life-Writing, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam), Dec. 2018.
“Birds of a Feather? – Inter-American Relations in Walt Disney’s Saludos Amigos and The Three Caballeros” (Universität Graz), Nov. 2017.
“American Antislavery Literature: Trans/National Perspectives” (Tübingen University), Nov. 2017.
“Am I Not a Man and a Brother? American Anti- Slavery Literature” (Jahrestagung der Sprachverbände E&M und DSV, Lehrerfortbildung, Mainz), Oct. 2015.
“The Politics of Parodic Impersonation” (Humorous Approaches to Art and Activism in Conflict, Exploratory Workshop, University of Amsterdam), Sep. 2013.
with Birgit Bauridl: “Cultural Performance in Transnational American Studies: Concepts, Projects, Perspectives” (Universität Regensburg), Dec. 2012.
“Activist Performance in Local, National, and Global Contexts” (Franklin & Marshall College, Lancaster: PA), Nov. 2011.
“Völker. Schlachten. Sprechen (Performance Völkerschlachtdenkmal)” – Workshop with director Chris Standfest (Play! Leipzig: Movement in Urban Space (Performance Festival and Conference, Leipzig), June 2010.
“Emerging Geographies of Freedom: The Power of Transnational African American Mobilities” States of Emergence (American Studies Association, annual conference, Atlanta), Nov. 2018.
“Atlantic Interfaces: Abolition, Emigration and Rebellion in Early African American Literature” Home/Not Home: Centering American Studies Where We Are (American Studies Association, annual conference, Colorado, USA), Nov. 2016.
mit Carsten Junker. “‘Enslave the liberty of but one human being and the liberties of the world are put in peril’: Abolition and the Question of Rights in U.S. History and Culture” (The United States and the Question of Rights Annual Conference of the German Association for American Studies, DGFA), May 2016.
“Views from Abroad: American (Anti-)Slavery and its Aftermath in a Transatlantic Perspective” (Transatlantic Studies Association, annual conference, Ghent, Belgium), July 2014.
“Transatlantic Cultural Crossroads: Past and Present German Encounters with Slavery in the Americas” (Crossing Boundaries in a Post-Ethnic Era – Interdisciplinary Approaches and Negotiations, MESEA, Saarbrücken), June 2014.
(with Benita Heiskanen): “Performing In/Justice” (America: Justice, Conflict, War, EAAS 60th Anniversary Conference, The Hague, Netherlands), April 2014.
(with Andrea Zittlau): “Exhibiting American Lives: The Poetics and Politics of (Re)Presentation” (American Lives, Annual Conference of the German Association for American Studies, Mainz), May 2012.
(with Birgit Bauridl): “Encountering the Nation: Performances of Belonging, Community, and Transformation” (Imagination, Reparation, Transformation, ASA, Baltimore), Oct. 2011.
“Black on White? Reassessing 'Tactical Anonymity' and 'Double Veiling' in Eliza Potter's A Hairdresser's Experience in High Life” (In/Visibility and Opacity: Cultural Productions by African and African Diasporic Women, Volkswagen Stiftung, Schloss Herrnhausen, Hannover), July 2019.
“Harriet Jacobs, Transatlantic Public Intellectual” (The Black Diaspora and African American Intellectual History, JGU Mainz), June 2019.
“Mobility, Belonging, and Antislavery Critique in Antebellum African American Women’s Travel Accounts” (State of Emergence, American Studies Association, Atlanta, Georgia annual meeting), Nov. 2018.
“Domestic Publicity in Antebellum African American Women’s Life Writing” (Counter/Publics, Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Amerikastudien, Freie Universität Berlin), May 2018.
“The Serial Character of Abolition: Charting Transatlantic and Gendered Critiques of Slavery in The Liberty Bell” (The Transnational American Periodical, British Library in London), Dec. 2017.
“Celebrating Freedom: Antislavery Events as Transnational Cultural Performance” (Environment Meets Performance: Current Research in Transnational American Studies, DFG Network “Cultural Performance” und “Environmental Crisis,” Universität Regensburg), Sep. 2017.
“Women’s Life Writing in the Black Atlantic” (Home/Not Home: Centering American Studies Where We Are, American Studies Association, annual meeting, Colorado, USA), Nov. 2016.
“A View from Abroad: Slavery, Transatlantic Relations and European Revolutions in African American Women‘s Writing” (European Association for American Studies, bi-annual conference, Constanta), May 2016.
“Immigration and Womanhood in Nineteenth-Century German American Antislavery Fiction” (Society for the Study of American Women Writers, triennial conference, Philadelphia, USA), Nov. 2015.
“Female Odysseys: Discourses of Transatlantic Female Benevolent Work in the Works of Harriet Jacobs and Nancy Prince” (Transatlantic Studies Association, annual meeting, Middleburg, Netherlands, Belgium), July 2015.
“Transatlantic Memories: Imagining Black Cosmopolitan Womanhood in the Writings of Harriet Jacobs, Nancy Prince, and Eliza Potter” (Collegium for African American Research, Liverpool, Great Britain), June 2015.
“Nineteenth-Century German American Women Writers' Perspectives on Slavery” (Transatlantic Studies Association, annual meeting, Ghent, Belgium), July 2014.
“Atlantic Crossings: German American Women Writers' Gendered Perspectives on Race and Slavery” (Crossing Boundaries in a Post-Ethnic Era – Interdisciplinary Approaches and Negotiations, MESEA, Saarbrücken), June 2014.
“‘Buy and Sell for the Benefit of the Slave:’ Women's Political Acts at Boston's Anti-Slavery Fair” (America: Justice, Conflict, War, EAAS 60th Anniversary Conference, The Hague, Netherlands), April 2014.
“Friends of Freedom: Maria Weston Chapman's Anti-Slavery Network” (International Cross-Currents: Women's Networks Across Europe and the Americas, 1776-1939, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg), December 2013.
“Transatlantic Routes of Abolitionism in The Liberty Bell” (Transcultural Mobility in the Americas, Inaugural Conference of the BMBF Project “The Americas as Space of Entanglement(s),” Bielefeld University), May 2013.
“The Gift Book as Transnational Medium of Women’s Abolitionism” (Dimensions of Empire and Resistance: Past, Present, and Future, American Studies Association Conference, annual meeting, San Juan, Puerto Rico), Nov. 2012.
“Harriet Jacobs, Transatlantic Female Public Intellectual” (American Studies in the World, Chesapeake American Studies Association Conference, American University, Washington, DC), March 2012.
“Gandhi Is My Homeboy”: Performance and Peace Activism in the Wake of 9/11” (Imagination, Reparation, Transformation. American Studies Association, annual meeting, Baltimore), Oct. 2011.
“Birds of a Feather? Inter-American Relations in Walt Disney’s Saludos Amigos (1943) and The Three Caballeros (1945).” (Transnational Americas: Difference, Belonging, Identitarian Spaces. Bi-Annual Conference of the International Association of Inter-American Studies, Essen, Germany), November 2010.
with Matthias Oppermann: "Eloquent Binaries: The Obama's Political Narrative and Web 2.0" (Texting Obama: Poetics/Politics/Popular Culture, Manchester Metropolitan University, Sep. 2010)
“The Billionaires for Bush: Activist Counterpublics and Parodic Performances.” (The American Presidency and Political Leadership, annual conference of the German Association for American Studies, Heidelberg), May 2008.
“Beyond Appropriation: Fakes, Hoaxes and Tricksters in American Activist Performance.” (Adaptations — Performing across Media and Genres, 17th Annual CDE Conference 2008, Siegen), May 2008.
“Volatile Performances: American Corporations, Fake Websites and Media Activism in a Globalized World” (America Without Borders, University of Southern California), Oct. 2006.
“Electronic Disturbances: Creative Resistance on the Net” (annual conference American Studies as Media Studies of the German Association for American Studies, Göttingen), June 2006.
"Denkmalsturz und Erinnerungskultur." (ARD alpha-demokratie) Jul. 28, 2020. https://www.br.de/mediathek/video/alpha-demokratie-28072020-denkmalsturz-und-erinnerungskultur-av:5ee8f06a8ac8a1001b41f4b6
“Walt Disney und der Amerikanische Traum.” (Der Mann mit der Maus. Woran Disney heute scheitern würde. HR2 Der Tag) Dec. 15, 2016.
“The Suburban Housewife: Social Expectations and Women’s Realities in Joyce Carol Oates’ “The Children” and Richard Yates’ Revolutionary Road”
“Language and Identity in Gloria Anzaldua’s Borderlands/La Frontera”
“The Creation of a New Country or the Ruined Dream of a Unified Nation? Queer Aztlán in Cherríe Moraga’s Play The Hungry Woman: A Mexican Medea”
“Revisiting African American History in True Blood”
“‘History has its Eyes on You’: Remembering and Re-Evaluating the American Revolutionary Era with Hamilton: An American Musical”
“Staging a Boycott – The Montgomery Bus Boycott and Its Enactment”
“Southern Womanhood in Ellen Glasgow’s Novels Virginia (1913) and Vein of Iron (1935)“
“Focalization and Forms of Narration in To Kill a Mockingbird”
“‘Three days of Peace and Music’?: Reconsidering the Myth of Woodstock
“African American Neighborhoods as Social Space: Isolation and Social Segregation in James Baldwin’s Negro Ghetto and Spike Lee’s Hood”
“Thomas Jefferson and Slavery: The Founding Father in Contemporary U.S. Cultural Memory”
“The Unreliable Madwoman - A Feminist Analysis of Female Narrators in Women's Writings”
“Turning a Blind Eye: The State- Sanctioned War on the African American Male As Depicted in All American Boys”
“From Oral Tradition to Merchandise Empire: The Modernization & Americanization of European Fairy Tales Through Disney”
“The Walt Disney Company in the 1939a and the World War II Era: Successful Business or Henchman of the US Government?”
“Black Obama? The Social Significance of Barack Obama for the African American Community Expressed and Represented in Hip Hop Music”
“The Development of Chinese American Women’s Identity in 20th Century American Culture as Represented by the Legend of Mulan”
“Representations of Monsanto in US American Culture”
“Three Days of Peace and Music? Reconsidering the Myth of Woodstock”
“The Role of Women in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby”
“Between Glory, Death and Discrimination: The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment in American Memory”
“Negotiations of Masculinity in the Poetry of the Harlem Renaissance”
“Magical Realism in Toni Morrison’s Work”
“White Domesticity in the American South in Kathryn Stockett’s The Help”
“Sanitizing History in Disney's Pocahontas”
“Queer Villainy: The Depiction of non-normative Gender Identities in Disney Animated Film”
“The Disney Princess Reconsidered: Critical Perspectives on Race and Gender”
“Italian American Immigrant Experience in the Twentieth Century Italian American Fiction”
“Of Femininity and Family Values: Female Characters in the Superhero Genre”
“From Slavery to Freedom: Gender Discourse in Harriet Jacobs and Frederick Douglass’s Life Writings”
“Black Female Identity and the Fictional Character of the Tragic Mulatta in William Wells Brown's Clotel, Or, the President's Daughter and Frances Ellen Watkins Harper's Iola LeRoy, Or, Shadows Uplifted”
“Breaking the Silence – Gendered Perspectives in Contemporary American Prison Literature”
“The Public Persona of Muhammad Ali in His Life Writing”
“‘Where have all the black men gone?’ – The Criminalization of African American Men”
“Black Women’s Voices and the Civil Rights Movement: Approaches to Selma”