After completing a BA in Music and Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame in 2008 (Thesis: “The Hymns of the Medieval Dominican Liturgy, 1250–1369”), Innocent Smith became a Dominican friar of the Order of Preachers. He spent six years studying philosophy and theology in Washington, DC, where he received the Master of Divinity (M.Div.) and Bachelor of Sacred Theology (S.T.B.) degrees from the Pontifical Faculty of the Immaculate Conception in 2013, followed by the License of Sacred Theology (S.T.L.) in 2015 (Thesis: “In Collecta Dicitur: The Oration as a Theological Authority for Thomas Aquinas”). After ordination to the priesthood in 2015, Smith spent three years in parish ministry in New York City. In 2018, he began doctoral work at the Universität Regensburg under the direction of Dr. Harald Buchinger.
- Thomas Aquinas
Doers of the Word: Bible Missals and the Celebration of the Eucharist in the 13th Century
My dissertation is focused on the Bible Missal, an important but understudied genre of medieval manuscript which combines the scriptural texts of the Latin Vulgate with the prayers, chants, and readings recited by the priest during the Eucharistic celebration of the Mass. In some cases, these Bible Missals contained all the texts necessary for the Mass throughout the entire year as well as the complete biblical text. In these cases, the Missal portion would typically contain just the opening words of biblical passages, referring the user to the rest of the manuscript to find the complete biblical texts. In other cases, the Missal portion presented an abbreviated selection of Masses that could be used on various occasions throughout the year.
The liturgical selections contained in the extant bible missals thus present a wide range of material that gives a precious insight into both the development of various liturgical traditions in the 13th century as well as the processes of customization and design of medieval bibles. In this dissertation, I will analyze the phenomenon of 13th century bible missals, showing the range of physical formats and liturgical features present in the extant manuscripts as well as the standardized elements found in most examples. I will take an interdisciplinary methodological approach, drawing on insights from the disciplines of codicology, liturgiology, musicology, and art history.
Through this dissertation, I hope to show that Bible Missals are an essential source for understanding the development and practice of the medieval liturgy. Bible Missals have much to offer in terms of the understanding the spirituality of the bible in the middle ages, the relationship between book ateliers and the religious clients and communities they served, and the commonalities and distinctions between the liturgies of medieval religious orders shortly after their foundation. This dissertation will contribute to a growing body of literature on the material culture of the medieval bible, showing the significance of the liturgical features of an important body of manuscripts.
- “Rome, Santa Sabina, XIV L3 and the Development of the Dominican Missal.” To be presented at Cantus Planus 2020, Telč, Czechia, July 15-19, 2020.
- “Word and Sacrament: The de Brailes Bible Missal (Bodleian Library, Lat. Bib.e.7) and the Dominican Liturgy.” Presented at the Medieval Church and Culture seminar, Harris Manchester College, Oxford, United Kington, November 26, 2019.
- “Representatio Representationis: Depictions of the Mass in 13th century Missals.” Presented at British Archaeological Association Post-Graduate Conference, The Gallery at Alan Baxter, London, United Kingdom, November 23, 2019.
- “Doers of the Word: Bible Missals and the Celebration of the Eucharist in the 13th Century.” Presented at Forschungskolloquium Metropolität in der Vormoderne (GRK 2337), Universität Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany, October 30, 2019.
- “Two Thirteenth-Century Bible Missals: Brussels, KBR, MS 8882 and Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Cod. 1136.” Presented at Interuniversitäres Lektüreseminar zur älteren Liturgiegeschichte, Innsbruck, Austria, October 18-19, 2019.
- “Abbreviation, Memory, and the Celebration of the Liturgy.” Presented at Anamnesis: Remembering in Action, Place and Time, Societas Liturgica 27th Congress, Durham, United Kingdom, August 5-10, 2019.
- “Bible Missals and Early Dominican and Franciscan Theology.” Presented at Quidam enim dicunt: Mendicant Theologies before Aquinas and Bonaventure, The Franciscan Institute at St. Bonaventure University, St. Bonaventure, New York, July 15-17, 2019.
- “Musical Notation in Medieval Bible Missals.” Presented at the International Medieval Congress, Leeds, United Kingdom, July 1-4, 2019.
- “Bible Missals and the Celebration of the Dominican Liturgy.” Presented at Dominicans and the Liturgy in Medieval Paris, Reid Hall, Paris, France, April 5, 2019.
- “St. Thomas Aquinas and the Early Christian Martyrs.” Presented at Cantieri dell’agiografia III edizione, Biblioteca Angelica, Rome, Italy, January 16-18, 2019.
- “1 Timothy 2:1 and Thomas Aquinas’s Expositiones Missae.” Presented at Initiation and Mystagogy in Thomas Aquinas: Theological, Philosophical, Liturgical and Pedagogical Perspectives, Thomas Instituut, Tilburg University, Utrecht, Netherlands, December 13-15, 2018.
- “The Provins Evangelistarium and the Celebration of the Dominican Liturgy.” Presented at the Fonds Ancien et Archives de Provins, Provins, France, December 1, 2018.
- “Gospel Antiphons and the Breviary.” Presented at Roman Breviaries from the 13th Century to the Council of Trent: Language, Script, Text, Image, Function, Structure, Pazin, Croatia, October 4-7, 2018.
- “Cosmas Vestitor and the Development of Marian Liturgical Devotion in East and West.” Presented at Towards the Prehistory of the Byzantine Liturgical Year, Universität Regensburg/Institutum Liturgicum Ratisbonense, Regensburg, Germany, July 4-7, 2018.
- “Voce psallebant in nobis opere compleretur: Lay and Clerical Encounters with the Propers of the Mass.” Presented at the 53rd International Conference on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, MI, May 10-13, 2018.
- “Towards a Critical Edition of Dominican Chant.” Presented at New Research on Dominican Chant, Columbia University, New York, NY, May 7, 2018.
- “Pseudo-Dionysius and the Liturgical Theology of Thomas Aquinas.” Presented at Thomas Aquinas and the Greek Fathers, Ave Maria University, Ave Maria, FL, January 26-27, 2018.
- “Beyond the Initials: Melodic Evidence for the Liturgical Origin of a Regensburg Antiphonary.” Presented at Gottesdienst in Regensburger Institutionen: Zur Vielfalt liturgischer Traditionen in der Vormoderne, Universität Regensburg/Institutum Liturgicum Ratisbonense, Regensburg, Germany, July 6-8, 2017.
- “Liturgical Prayers in 13th-century Scholastic Theology.” Presented at Medieval Rites: Reading the Writing, Institute of Sacred Music, Yale University, New Haven, CT, April 21-23, 2017.
- “Dominican Chant and Pastoral Ministry.” Presented at Gregorian Chant in Pastoral Ministry and Religious Education, St. Joseph’s Seminary, Yonkers, NY, March 10-11, 2017.
- “The Rest is Said in Praise to God: Thomas Aquinas on the Rites of the Mass.” Presented as part of the Wisdom of Aquinas series, Thomistic Institute, NYU Catholic Center, New York, NY, December 3, 2016.
- “The Use and Abuse of Computers in the Study of Medieval Music and Liturgy.” Presented at the Gregorian Institute of Canada Colloque 2016, Toronto, ON, August 11-14, 2016.
- “Thomas Aquinas and the Liturgy.” Aquinas Day Lecture, Caldwell University, Caldwell, NJ, February 1, 2016.
- “Misericordiam et judicium cantabo: Liturgical Prayer and the Theology of Mercy in Thomas Aquinas.” Presented at The Liturgy: It is Right and Just, Society for Catholic Liturgy Annual Conference, New York, NY, October 1-3, 2015.
- “Ne sorores devotionem amittant: Dominican Liturgy and the Cura Monialum Question in the Thirteenth Century.” Presented at The Influences of the Dominican Order in the Middle Ages, Taylor Institution, Lincoln College, and Blackfriars Hall, Oxford, UK, September 10-12, 2015.
- “Doctrinal Preaching and the Summa Theologiae.” Presented at the Society for Medieval and Renaissance Thomism, 2014 Annual ACPA Meeting, Washington, DC, October 9-12, 2014.
- Dominicans and the Liturgy in Medieval Paris, Reid Hall, Paris, France, April 5, 2019. Co-organized with Susan Boynton.
- “St. Thomas Aquinas and Hagiography.” Cantieri dell’agiografia III edizione, Biblioteca Angelica, Rome, Italy, January 16-18, 2019. Session Coordinator.
- New Research on Dominican Chant, Columbia University, New York, NY, May 7, 2018. Co-organized with Susan Boynton and Eleanor Giraud.
- “The Orations of the Medieval Dominican Liturgy,” The Medieval Dominicans: Books, Buildings, Music, and Liturgy, ed. Eleanor Giraud and Christian Leitmeir (Turnhout: Brepols, forthcoming).
- “Beyond the Initials: Melodic Evidence for the Liturgical Origin of a Regensburg Antiphonary,” in Gottesdienst in Regensburger Institutionen: Zur Vielfalt liturgischer Traditionen in der Vormoderne, Forum Mittelalter Studien (Regensburg: Verlag Schnell und Steiner, forthcoming).
- “1 Timothy 2, 1 and the Expositiones Missae of Thomas Aquinas,” Sacris Erudiri 58 (2019): 203–19.
- “Scriptural Plurality in the Writings of Thomas Aquinas: The Case of Psalm 67, 7,” European Journal for the Study of Thomas Aquinas 37 (2019): 49–64.
- “Gospel Antiphons and the Concordance between Mass and Office,” Antiphon 23 (2019): 78–87.
- “The Use and Abuse of Computers in Liturgical Research,” in New Research on Old Chant, ed. Kate Helsen (Kitchener, Ontario: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 2018), 111–30.
- “Liturgical Prayer and the Theology of Mercy in Thomas Aquinas and Pope Francis,” Theological Studies 79 (2018): 782–800.
- “The Divine Office and the Dominican Life,” Sacred Music 145:2 (2018): 33–43.
- "The Feast of the Nativity and the Christology of Yves Congar,” Worship 92 (2018): 551-559.
- “Progressive Solemnity and the Dominican Liturgy,” Sacred Music 144:4 (2017): 42–53.
- (Translation): Yves Congar, “The Ecumenical Value and Scope of Some Hermeneutical Principles of Saint Thomas Aquinas,” trans. Andrew Jacob Cuff and Innocent Smith, Pro Ecclesia 26 (2017): 186–201.
- “The Synoptic Gospels and the 1962 Missale Romanum,” Antiphon 21 (2017): 115–144.
- “The formularies ‘Pro unitate Christianorum’ in the 2002 Missale Romanum,” Studia Liturgica 45 (2015): 1–15.
- “Vagaggini and Congar on the Liturgy and Theology,” Questions Liturgiques 96 (2015): 191–221; doi:10.2143/QL.96.3.3120234.
- “Ecclesial Authorship, the Council, and the Liturgy: Reflections on a Debate between Ratzinger and Lefebvre,” Angelicum 92 (2015): 93–113.
- “Liturgical Irenicism and the Unity of the Church,” New Blackfriars 96 (2015): 3–11, doi:10.1111/nbfr.12076.
- “Dominican Chant and Dominican Identity,” Religions 5 (2014): 961–71, doi:10.3390/rel5040961.
- “Le chant dominicain médiéval et moderne au 19e siècle,” trans. Patrick Hala, Études grégoriennes 61 (2014): 87–123.
- “Medieval and Modern Dominican Chant in the 19th Century,” Chant: Old and New, ed. William Renwick (Lions Bay: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 2012), 15–47.
- “Dominikanischer Choral: Haltung und Heiligkeit,” trans. Bernhard Kohl, Wort und Antwort 53 (2012): 21–26.
- “The ‘Hermeneutic of Continuity’ and Twentieth-century Legislation on Sacred Music” Antiphon 13 (2009): 247–63.
- “Dominican friars,” in Grove Music Online (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming).
- “Lauds,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception 15 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2017), 931–32.
- “Lectionary: Christianity: Patristics and Orthodox Churches,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception 16 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2018), 1-3.
- “Lectionary: Christianity: Medieval Times and Reformation Era,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception 16 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2018), 3-5.
- “Lily: Christianity,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception 16 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2018), 675-676.
- “Litany: Christianity: Modernity, Europe and America,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception 16 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2018), 769-770.
- “Liturgical Books: Christianity: Modern Europe and America,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception 16 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2018), 853-855.
- “Liturgy: Christianity: Roman Catholic Liturgy,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception 16 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2018), 921-926.
- “Mass,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception (Berlin: De Gruyter, forthcoming).
- “Matins,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception (Berlin: De Gruyter, forthcoming).
- “Missale Romanum,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception (Berlin: De Gruyter, forthcoming).
- “Nunc dimittis,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception (Berlin: De Gruyter, forthcoming).