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Dr. Markus Kattenbeck

Arbeitsgebiete

01 | Forschungsinteresse

Mein Forschungsinteresse gilt dem Schnittbereich von Human Information Behaviour und Geographischer Informationswissenschaft. Insbesondere interessiere ich mich für

  • Informationsbedürfnisse, die mit Hilfe von VGI (Volunteered Geographic Information) beantwortet werden können,
  • die Bedeutung von Kontext im Rahmen der mobilen Informationssuche,
  • das Verhältnis bzw. Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede realer und digitaler Landmarken,
  • Möglichkeiten geographisches Informationsverhalten zu beeinflussen.
  • Navigation in physical and non-physical spaces

02 | Dissertation

titel:

Empirically Measuring Salience of Objects for Use in Pedestrian Navigation

Kurzzusammenfassung:

In meiner Dissertation gehe ich der Frage nach, wie die Salience von Objekten gemessen werden kann. Zur Beantwortung dieser Frage habe ich eine empirische Studie durchgeführt. Insgesamt haben 120 Versuchspersonen 360 zufällig gewählte Objekten, d.h. Häuser und andere Objekte, die persistent genug sind, um in Routenanweisungen Verwendung zu finden, im Altstadtgebiet von Regensburg bewertet. Der Bewertungsfragebogen berücksichtigt Dimensionen aus früheren empirischen Studien systematisch. Mit Hilfe von PLS-SEM untersuchte ich, welche Eigenschaften von Objekten für welche Teilaspekte von Salienz am wichtigsten sind.

Den Volltext meiner Dissertation finden Sie auf dem elektronischen Publikationsserver der Universität Regensburg.

03 | Lehre

Daten effizient speichern und verarbeiten

SoSe 2016 | WS 2016/2017

Einführung in die Methoden empirischer Forschung (seit WS 2011/2012 zus. mit Dr. David Elsweiler)

WS 2010/2011 | SoSe 2011 | WS 2011/2012 | SoSe 2012 | WS 2012/2013 | SoSe 2013 | Sose 2014 | SoSe 2015 | SoSe 2016 | SoSe 2017

Methoden informationswissenschaftlicher Datenanalyse. Ein Praxiskurs

WS 2013/2014 | WS 2014/2015 | SoSe 2015 | WS 2015/2016

Persuasion mit linguistischen Methoden (zus. mit Prof. Bernd Ludwig u. Dr. David Elsweiler)

SoSe 2016

Propädeutikum Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung

WS 2012/2013 | SoSe 2015

Software Engineering

SoSe 2011 | WS 2011/2012 | SoSe 2017

Sounds@Landscape (zus. mit Dr. Solveig Ottmann)

WS 2015/2016

Forschungsseminar Informationsverhalten (zusammen mit Melanie Pflamminger M.A.)

WS 2016/2017

Forschungsseminar GIScience (zusammen mit Melanie Pflamminger M.A.)

SoSe 2017

Survey- und Experimentdesign [VL+Ü] (zus. mit David Elsweiler)

SoSe 2018

Fallstudienseminar Navigation [S] (zus. mit Christina Bauer)

SoSe 2018

Übung zu Grundlagen und Anwendungen maschineller Lernverfahren

SoSe 2018

VL+Ü User Centered Design und Human Information Behaviour

WS 2018/2019

Navigation in Physical and Non-Physical Spaces (Projektseminar im Master)

WS 2018/2019

Lebenslauf

2016

Promotion zum Dr. phil. mit der Arbeit Empirically Measuring Salience of Objects for Use in Pedestrian Navigation

Seit Oktober 2010

Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Lehrstuhl für Informationswissenschaft

November 2008 - Oktober 2010

Technischer Berater im Bereich IT Service Management / E-Tracking

September 2008

Magister Artium Vergleichende Kulturwissenschaft / Informationswissenschaft; Thema: "Diskussionen um das "OMA-gerechte" Wissen der Welt. Zum Status Quo kultureller Ordnungsleistung auf Diskussionsseiten der deutschsprachigen Wikipedia."

2003-2008

Stipendiat des Freistaats Bayern im Rahmen der Bayerischen Begabtenförderung

2003 - 2008

Studium der Vergleichenden Kulturwissenschaft / Informationswissenschaft in Regensburg u. Newcastle (NSW, Australia)

Publikationen

Die Publikationsliste konnte nicht geladen werden. Klicken Sie hier, um die Publikationsliste am ePub-Server zu öffnen.

Aktivitäten

2018

Workshop: Making Salience Personal – In Search for Personalized Landmarks (zus. mit Eva Nuhn (Augsburg), Prof. Dr. Sabine Timpf (Augsburg), Prof. Dr. Bernd Ludwig (UR)

seit 2017

Bestellter Prüfer für Zweitgutachten im M.A.-Studiengang Informationswissenschaft

seit 11/2016

Bestellter Prüfer für Erst- und Zweitgutachten im B.A.-Studiengang Informationswissenschaft

seit 2016

Gutachter für die ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems

2014

Local Chair der International Conference on Information Interaction in Context (IIiX 2014) in Regensburg

seit 12/2013

Als Vertreter des Mittelbaus gewähltes Mitglied des Leitungsgremiums des Instituts für Information und Medien, Sprache und Kultur (I:IMSK) der Fakultät für Sprach-, Literatur- und Kultuwissenschaften

AGILE 2018

Agile 2018: Workshop

Making Salience Personal - In Search for Personalized Landmarks

Organisers

Call for Papers

Determining the salience of environmental objects for specific travellers remains a challenge in wayfinding research. This interactive workhop which includes an experiment in the afternoon, is dedicated to the question, which personal dimensions (e.g. familiarity with an environment or level of interest in a particular topic of an observer) influence the salience of an object. There is also a need to discuss empirical methods for the acquisition of these dimensions and how these can be integrated into existing salience models.

Relevant topics include but are not restricted to:

  • Evidence for the need of personal salience
  •  The role of familiarity and personal interests in estimating personal salience
  • Methods to acquire the familiarity and the level of interest in a topic
  • Empirical attempts to measure salience


Participants are encouraged to submit a paper or discussion essay(max. 4 pages). Your papers should be prepared using preferably the Springer LaTeX Document Template (see http://wordpress.künstliche-intelligenz.de/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/KItemplate.tex) or alternatively the Springer Word Document Template (seehttp://www.springer.com/cda/content/document/cda_downloaddocument/sv-journ.zip?SGWID=0-0-45-431298-0). All papers will be reviewed by an international panel of experts. Special attention will be paid to those papers stimulating discussion on the topics above.

 

The workshop will kick off with a keynote by Clare Davies on salience and personalization. Based on your contributed papers and the ensuing discussion, all attendees of the workshop will be invited to collect data about landmarks in Lund during an in-situ experiment in the early afternoon. A first analysis of the collected data and a final discussion on a research agenda will conclude the workshop.

 

We are currently putting together a special issue on Salience in the Springer Journal “Künstliche Intelligenz”. You are welcome to submit a longer version of your paper for this special issue instead of a workshop paper or in addition to a workshop paper at a later submission date (see below). Information on manuscript submission may be found on the journal webpage www.springer.com/computer/ai/journal/13218. We particularly welcome submissions on projects or experiments dealing with measuring salience.

Workshop paper submission deadline: April 15th, 2018

markus<the_dot>kattenbeck<the_at>ur<the_dot>de

Notification of Acceptance: May 10th, 2018

Special Issue submission deadline: May 15th, 2018

Salience

Starting with Sorrows & Hirtle (1999) the salience of objects has been modeled to be a multidimensional construct.
Up until now, at least five different sub-dimensions of overall salience must be acknowledged. Visual features, route-dependent (structural, see Klippel & Winter (2005) and cognitive aspects are common to the principal models (see Raubal et al. (2002), Sorrows & Hirtle (1999). Furthermore, prototypicality is known to be important (see Sorrows & Hirtle, 1999) but at the same time dicult to capture (cf. Raubal & Winter, 2002). The fifth dimension usually referred to is visibility in advance as introduced by Winter (2003). The model by Raubal and Winter (2002) was substantially refined by the doctoral work presented in Caduff (2007) and Caduff & Timpf (2008). The key idea of this refinement is the fact that no object is salient eo ipso. Insted, Caduff &Timpf (2008) stress the importance of context by focusing on the interaction between observer, observed, and surroundings.
Based on this understanding, empirical attempts to measure salience survey-based (thereby averaging over users) have recently gained momentum and suggest that the the latent variable involved are heavily intertwined (see e.g. Kattenbeck (2016), Kattenbeck (2017). In opposition to averaging over users, however, personal aspects, however, have been convincingly claimed to be important, based on both empirical evidence (see Kattenbeck (2017) and theoretical insights (see e.g. Nuhn & Timpf (2017) and Nuhn & Timpf (2017a).
References
  • Caduff, David (2007). Assessing Landmark Salience for Human Navigation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Mathematischnaturwissenschaftliche Fakultät der Universität Zürich, Zürich.
  • Caduff, David, & Timpf, Sabine (2008). On the assessment of landmark salience for human navigation. Cognitive Processing, 9(4), 249–267.
  • Kattenbeck, Markus (2017): How Subdimensions of Salience Influence Each Other. Comparing Models Based on Empirical Data. In: 13th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory, September 4-8 2017, L’Aquila, Italy. 
  • Kattenbeck, Markus (2016): Empirically Measuring Salience of Objects for Use in Pedestrian Navigation.Dissertation, University of Regensburg
  • Klippel, A., & Winter, S. (2005). Structural salience of landmarks for route directions. In Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (pp. 347–362). Springer-Verlag Berlin / Heidelberg.
  • Nuhn, Eva, and Timpf, Sabine (2017): A multidimensional model for selecting personalised landmarks. Journal of Location Based Services, pp. 1 - 28. 
  • Nuhn, Eva and Timpf, Sabine (2017a): Personal Dimensions of Landmarks. In: Bregt A, Sarjakoski T, Van Lammeren R, Rip F (eds) Societal Geo-innovation, AGILE 2017. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer, Cham, pp. 129 -143.
  • Raubal, M., &Winter, S. (2002). EnrichingWayfinding Instructions with Local Landmarks. In M. Egenhofer & D. Mark (Eds.), Geographic Information Science (pp. 243–259). Berlin / Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Sorrows, M., & Hirtle, S. (1999). The Nature of Landmarks for Real and Electronic Spaces. In C. Freksa & D. Mark (Eds.), Spatial Information Theory. Cognitive and Computational Foundations of Geographic Information Science (pp. 37–50). Berlin / Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Winter, S. (2003). Route Adaptive Selection of Salient Features. In W. Kuhn, M.Worboys,& S. Timpf (Eds.), Spatial Information Theory. Foundations of Geographic Information Science (pp. 349–361). Berlin / Heidelberg: Springer.

Programme Committee

The following international scholars (from A-Z) have agreed to review submissions for this workshop:

  • Johan Boye, KTH Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden
  • Christophe Claramunt, Naval Academy Research Institute, France
  • Clare Davies, University of Winchester, UK
  • Christian Freksa, University of Bremen, Germany
  • Georg Gartner, TU Vienna, Austria
  • Ioannis Giannopoulos, TU Vienna, Austria
  • Stephen Hirtle, University of Pittsburgh, USA
  • David Jonietz, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
  • Jakub Krukar, University of Münster, Germany
  • Werner Kuhn, University of California Santa Barbara, USA
  • Stefan Münzer, University of Mannheim, Germany
  • Martin Raubal, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
  • Kai-Florian Richter, Umeå University, Sweden
  • Angela Schwering, University of Münster, Germany
  • Stephan Winter, The University of Melbourne, Australia

Important Dates

Submission Deadline: April 15th, 2018

Notification of Acceptance: May 10th, 2018

Special Issue Submission Deadline (see Call for Papers): May 15th, 2018

Workshop: June 12th, 2018, 9 - 5pm

Workshop Programme

The following schedule is currently planned for the workshop. It may still be subject to change ahead of time.

Time Slot Activity
09:00am-09:15am Introduction
09:15am-10:00am Keynote (Clare Davies) and Discussion
10:00am-11:00am Lightning Talks on salience
models in general (Sabine Timpf), their personalization in particular (Eva Nuhn) and empirical measurement of salience (Markus Kattenbeck)
11:00am-11:30am Coffee Break
11:30am-2:30pm Collecting landmarks
2:30pm-3pm Kai-Florian Richter:To personalize or not to personalize. Landmark
selection in navigation services
3pm-4pm Results and Hot Topics
4pm-4:30pm Coffee Break
4:30pm-5:30pm Discussion and Wrap Up

Keynote

We are excited to announce that the keynote will be held by Clare Davies (University of Winchester, UK).

Title: Knowing and Navigating Places - Where Does Salience Fit In?

Abstract: Why should ‘personal’ salience matter to our knowledge of places and routes, and how might this challenge some common ideas about cognitive mapping? How 'personal’ might a predictive model of salience need to get, to be useful in designing environments to improve (most) people’s wayfinding and spatial knowledge? It’s arguable that this depends on how far truly individual concerns or events might 'hijack’ a person’s attention, in ways that our models may never manage to predict. This talk will dig into some of the evidence on human attention (both in and beyond navigational research), to see what we seem to have learned so far about types of salience and their effects.

  1. Fakultät für Sprach-, Literatur- und Kulturwissenschaften
  2. Institut für Information und Medien, Sprache und Kultur (I:IMSK)

Informationswissenschaft

Dr.
Markus Kattenbeck
Markus Kattenbeck