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As a historical orientation science, Prehistory and Early History show experiences that early humans had with themselves and their environment. Prehistory is a discursive subject. The current fields of research are determined by the questions of the present to the past. In this respect, each generation shapes its own narrative of prehistory.
While archaeology refers to the process of gaining knowledge from the remains of human activity that have survived through the application of an extensive range of methods, prehistory is the narrative about the time before the advent of writing. The objective of prehistory is the meaningful reconstruction of cultural-historical contexts and developmental processes beyond the temporal and spatial framework of the written tradition. The analysis of past cultures shows the possibilities of the groups involved as well as the effects of economic, social or ideological strategies of action.
One of the qualities archaeologists must have in abundance, regardless of their specialty, is optimism - that is, the belief that unobservable patterns of behaviour can be inferred from indirect traces in bad samples. They should be convinced that it is possible to say something meaningful about the past based on its material remains!