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Mühlberger, Andreas


Mailing address
Universität Regensburg
Fakultät für Psychologie,
Pädagogik und Sportwissenschaft
Lehrstuhl für Klinische Psychologie
und Psychotherapie
Universitätsstr. 31
93053 Regensburg
Office address

University of Regensburg
PT-Building 4.0.76B
Universitätsstr. 31
93053 Regensburg

Phone + 49 (0)941-943-6040
E-Mail andreas.muehlberger@ur.de
Office hours

Thursdays, 11-12 am

(please request an appointment during breaks)



St. Stephan’s Gymnasium, Augsburg
Certificate of University Qualification (Abitur)

1991 - 1992 Civil service
1992 - 1998 Julius-Maximilians University of Würzburg
Diploma Psychology (equivalent to MSc)
1998 - 2001

Eberhard-Karls University in Tübingen (Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology) and Max-Planck Institute (Institute for Biological Cybernetics)
Scholarship for research training
PhD (Dr. phil.)

2002 - 2008

Julius-Maximilians University Würzburg
Department of Psychology
Postdoctoral Researcher


Licensure as Psychotherapist (Cognitive behavioral Therapy)


University of Würzburg
Department of Psychology
Thesis: "Biopsychological und clinic-psychological studies on processing of emotional stimuli: from traditional laboratory paradigms to virtual environment."

2007 - 2008 Associate Professor of Intervention Psychology (substitute)
2008 - 2010 Postdoctoral Researcher
2010 - 2011 University of Würzburg
Department of Psychology
Associate Professor for Experimental Clinical Psychology (substitute)
2011 - 2012 University of Würzburg
Department of Psychology
Associate Professor for Experimental Clinical Psychology
seit 12/2012 University of Regensburg
Full Professor for Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy

Psychotherapeutic Qualifications

  • Licensed as Psychotherapist (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy)
  • Licensed supervisor for cognitive behavioral therapy 
  • Psychotherapist at the Outpatient Clinic of the University of Regensburg(Department of Psychology I)


  • Vice dean of the Faculty for Psychology, Pedagogy and Sport Science at the University of Regensburg (since 10/2015)
  • Delegate of the Institute for Psychology at the University of  Regensburg at the  Fakultätentag Psychology (seit 04/2015)
  • Chairman of the examination board for the Master of Science Psychology Study at the Universtity of Regensburg (seit 10/2013)
  • Member of the des Advanced Training Association of the postgradual study "Psychological Psychotherapy" at the Faculty of Life Science at the University of Würzburg
  • Ass.-Member of the SFB-TRR 58 "Fear, Anxiety, Anxiety Disorders"
  • Member of the Regensburg Center of Neuroscience (RCN)

Peer reviewed publications

In press


Aster, H.-C., Romanos, M., Walitza, S., Gerlach, M., Mühlberger, A., Rizzo, A., Andreatta, M., Hasenauer, N., Hartrampf, P.E., Nerlich, K., Reiners, C., Lorenz, R., Buck, A.K,. & Deserno, L. (2022) Responsivity of the Striatal Dopamine System to Methylphenidate—A Within-Subject I-123-β-CIT-SPECT Study in Male Children and Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Front. Psychiatry, 13:804730. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.804730

Brunner, L. M., Maurer, F., Weber, K., Weigl, J., Milenkovic, V. M., Rupprecht, R., ... & Mühlberger, A. (2022). Differential effects of the translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO) ligand etifoxine and the benzodiazepine alprazolam on startle response to predictable threat in a NPU-threat task after acute and short-term treatment. Psychopharmacology, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-022-06111-x

Kroczek, L.O.H., Böhme, S. & Mühlberger, A. (2022). Face masks reduce interpersonal distance in virtual reality. Scientific Reports, 12, 2213. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-06086-x

Kroczek, L. O. H., & Mühlberger, A. (2022). Returning a smile: Initiating a social interaction with a facial emotional expression influences the evaluation of the expression received in return. Biological Psychology, 108453.

Reitmaier, J., Schiller, A., Mühlberger, A., Pfaller, M., Meyer, M. and Shiban, Y. (2022), Effects of rhythmic eye movements during a virtual reality exposure paradigm for spider-phobic patients. Psychol Psychother Theory Res Pract, 95: 57-78. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12363

Reichenberger, J., Wechsler, T. F., Diemer, J., Mühlberger, A., & Notzon, S. (2022). Fear, psychophysiological arousal, and cognitions during a virtual social skills training in social anxiety disorder while manipulating gaze duration. Biological psychology, 175, 108432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2022.108432

Schröder, B., & Mühlberger, A. (2022). Assessing the attentional bias of smokers in avirtual reality anti-saccade task using eye tracking. Biological Psychology, 108381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2022.108381

Zänkert, S., Lindl, A., Schmitz, A., Kudielka, B. M., Mühlberger, A., & Wüst, S. (2022). Sustained threat and phasic fear in the laboratory and cognitive-emotional processes of anxiety in everyday life-An ambulatory assessment study. International journal of psychophysiology, 175, 8-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2022.02.009


Wechsler, T.F., Pfaller, M., Eickels, R.E.v, Schulz, L.H. & Mühlberger, A. (2021) Look at the Audience? A Randomized Controlled Study of Shifting Attention From Self-Focus to Nonsocial vs. Social External Stimuli During Virtual Reality Exposure to Public Speaking in Social Anxiety. Front. Psychiatry 12:751272. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.751272

Pfaller, M., Kroczek, L.O.H., Lange, B., Fülöp, R., Müller, M. & Mühlberger, A. (2021) Social Presence as a Moderator of the Effect of Agent Behavior on Emotional Experience in Social Interactions in Virtual Reality. Front. Virtual Real. 2:741138. doi: 10.3389/frvir.2021.741138

Kroczek, L. O. H., Lingnau, A., Schwind, V., Wolff, C., & Mühlberger, A. (2021). Angry facial expressions bias towards aversive actions. Plos one, 16(9), e0256912. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0256912

Ma, L., Mor, S., Anderson, P., Baños, R., Botella, C., Bouchard, S., Cárdenas, G., Donker, T., Fernández-Álvarez, J., Lindner, P., Mühlberger, A., Powers, M., Quero, S., Rothbaum, B., Wiederhold, B., & Carlbring, P. (in press). Integrating Virtual Realities and Psychotherapy: SWOT Analysis on VR and MR Based Treatments of Anxiety and Stress-related Disorders. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 50(6), 509-526. https://doi.org/10.1080/16506073.2021.1939410

Biehl, S. C., Schmidmeier, M., Wechsler, T. F., Kroczek, L. O. H., & Mühlberger, A. (2021). Widespread Recommendations Can Change Our Habits of Hand-Washing and Physical Distance During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Clinical Psychology in Europe, 3(1), 1-12. doi.org/10.32872/cpe.3061

Bahr, L.-M., Maurer, F., Weigl, J., Weber, K., Melchner, D., Dörfelt, A., . . . Mühlberger, A. ,Nothdurfter, C. (2021). Dissociation of endocrine responses to the Trier Social Stress Test in Virtual Reality (VR-TSST) by the benzodiazepine alprazolam and the translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO) ligand etifoxine. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 124, 105100. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2020.105100



Probst, T., Mühlberger, A., Kühner, J., Eifert, G. H., Pieh, C., Hackbarth, T., & Mander, J. (2020). Development and Initial Validation of a Brief Questionnaire on the Patients’ View of the In-Session Realization of the Six Core Components of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Clinical Psychology in Europe, 2(3), 1-23. doi.org/10.32872/cpe.v2i3.3115

Kroczek, L. O. H., Pfaller, M., Lange, B., Müller, M., & Mühlberger, A. (2020). Interpersonal Distance During Real-Time Social Interaction: Insights From Subjective Experience, Behavior, and Physiology. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 561. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00561

Mühlberger, A., Jekel, K., Probst, T., Schecklmann, M., Conzelmann, A., Andreatta, M., Rizzo, A. A., Pauli, P., & Romanos, M. (2020). The Influence of Methylphenidate on Hyperactivity and Attention Deficits in Children with ADHD: A Virtual Classroom Test. Journal of Attention Disorders, 24(2), 277-289. doi: 10.1177/1087054716647480

Reichenberger, J., Pfaller, M., & Mühlberger, A. (2020) Gaze Behavior in Social Fear Conditioning: An Eye-Tracking Study in Virtual Reality. Frontiers in Psychology. 11:35. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00035



Böhme, S., Biehl, S.C., & Mühlberger, A. (2019). Effects of Differential Strategies of Emotion Regulation. Brain Sciences, 9, 225. doi: 10.3390/brainsci9090225

Fernández-Álvarez, J., Rozental, A., Carlbring, P., Colombo, D., Riva, G., Anderson, P. L., Bañosh, R. M. Benbow, A. A., Bouchard, S., Bretón-López, J. M., Cárdenas, G., Difede, J., Emmelkamp, P., García-Palacios, A., Guillén, V., Hoffman, H.,  Kampann, I., Moldovan, R.,  Mühlberger, A., North, M., Pauli, P.,  Castros, W. P.,  Quero, S.,  Tortella-Feliu, M., Wyka, K., & Botella, C. (2019). Deterioration rates in Virtual Reality Therapy: An individual patient data level meta-analysis. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 61, 3-17. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2018.06.005

Herrmann, M. J., Mühlberger, A., Ehlis, A. C., Deckert, J. & Polak, T. (2019). Nicht invasive Hirnstimulation und Furchtextinktion: Ein systematisches Review. Nervenheilkunde, 36(08), 537-541.

Probst, T., Jank, R., Dreyer, N., Seel, S., Wagner, R., Hanshans, K., Reyersbach, R., Mühlberger , A., Lahmann, C., & Christoph Pieh, C. (2019). Early Changes in Pain Acceptance Predict Pain Outcomes in Interdisciplinary Treatment for Chronic Pain. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8, 1373. doi: 10.3390/jcm809137

Probst, T., O’Rourke, T., Decker, V., Kießling, E., Meyer, S., Bofinger, C., Niklewski, G., Mühlberger, A., & Pieh, C. (2019). Effectiveness of a five-week inpatient dialectical behavior therapy for borderline personality disorder in psychiatry. Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 25, 192-198. doi: 10.1097/PRA0000000000000383

Raber, J., Arzy, S., Bertolus, J.B., Depue, B., Haas, H.E., Kangas, M., Kensinger, E., Lowry, C.A., Marusak, H.A., Minnier, J., Mouly, A.-M., Mühlberger, A., Norrholm, S.D., Peltonen, K., Pinna, G., Rabinak, C., Shiban, Y., Soreq, H., van der Kooij, M.A., Lowe, L., Weingast, L.T., Yamashita, P., & Boutros, S.W. (2019). Current understanding of fear learning and memory in humans and animal models and the value of a linguistic approach for analyzing fear learning and memory in humans. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 105, 136-177. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.03.015.

Reichenberger, J., Pfaller, M., Forster, D., Gerczuk, J., Shiban, Y., & Mühlberger, A. (2019). Men Scare Me More: Gender Differences in Social Fear Conditioning in Virtual Reality. Frontiers in Psychology 10:1617. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01617.

Santl, J., Shiban, Y., Plab, A., Wüst, A., Kudielka, B. M., & Mühlberger , A. (2019). Gender Differences in Stress Responses during a Virtual Reality Trier Social Stress Test. International Journal of Virtual Reality, 19(2), 1-8. doi: 10.20870/IJVR.2019.19.2.2912

Wechsler, T.F., Kümpers, F., & Mühlberger, A. (2019). Inferiority or Even Superiority of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy in Phobias?—A Systematic Review and Quantitative Meta-Analysis on Randomized Controlled Trials Specifically Comparing the Efficacy of Virtual Reality Exposure to Gold Standard in vivo Exposure in Agoraphobia, Specific Phobia, and Social Phobia. Front. Psychol., 10:1758. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01758


Fehlner, K., Zimmermann, V., Wittmann, J., Mühlberger, A., & Shiban, Y. (2018). The premenstrual syndrome and the partner relationship: How it affects both partners in different ways. J Pregnancy Reprod, 2(1), 1-8. doi: 10.15761/JPR.1000134

Gromer, D., Madeira, O., Gast, P., Nehfischer, M., Jost, M., Müller, M., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2018). Height Simulation in a Virtual Reality CAVE System: Validity of Fear Responses and Effects of an Immersion Manipulation. Frontiers Human Neuroscience, 12:372. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2018.00372

Levine, S. M., Pfaller, M., Reichenberger, J., Shiban, Y., Mühlberger, A., Rupprecht, R., & Schwarzbach, J. V. (2018). Relating experimentally-induced fear to pre-existing phobic fear in the human brain. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 164-172. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsx147

Preis, M., Vögtle, E., Dreyer, N., Seel, S., Wagner, R., Hanshans, K., Reyersbach, R., Pieh, C., Mühlberger, A., & Probst, T. (2018). Long-term outcomes of a multimodal day-clinic treatment for chronic pain under the conditions of routine care. Pain Research and Management. doi: 10.1155/2018/9472104

Probst, T., Decker, V., Kiessling, E., Meyer, S., Bofinger, C., Niklewski, G., Mühlberger, A., Pieh, C. (2018). Suicidal ideation and skill use during in-patient dialectical behavior therapy for borderline personality disorder. A diary card study. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9:152.

Shiban, Y., Brütting-Schick, J., Pauli, P., Domschke, K., & Mühlberger , A. (2018). Does caffeine facilitate exposure therapy for specific phobia? A randomized clinical trial. Resonanzen – E-Journal für biopsychosoziale Dialoge in Psychosomatischer Medizin, Psychotherapie, Supervision und Beratung, 6(2), 3-25.

Shiban, E., Lehmberg, J., Hoffmann, U., Thiel, J., Probst, T., Friedl, M., Mühlberger, A., Meyer, B., & Shiban, Y. (2018). Peritraumatic distress fully mediates the relationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms preoperative and three months postoperative in patients undergoing spine surgery. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 9. doi: 10.1080/20008198.2018.1423824


Andreatta, M., Neueder, D., Glotzbach-Schoon, E., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2017). Effects of context pre-exposure and delay until anxiety retrieval on generalization of contextual anxiety. Learning and Memory, 24, 43-54. doi:10.1101/lm.044073.116

Betz, L. T., Mühlberger, A., Langguth, B., & Schecklmann, M. (2017). Stress Reactivity in Chronic Tinnitus. Scientific Reports, 7:41521. doi: 10.1038/srep41521

Dechant, M., Trimpl, S., Wolff, C., Mühlberger, A., & Shiban, Y. (2017). Potential Of Virtual Reality As A Diagnostic Tool For Social Anxiety: A Pilot Study. Computer in Human Behavior. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.07.005

Deckert, J., Weber, H., Villmann, C., Lonsdorf, T.B., Richter, J., Andreatta, M., Arias-Vasquez, A., Hommers, L., Kent, L., Schartner, C., Cichon, S., Wolf, C., Schaefer, N.,  von Collenberg C.R.,  Wachter, B., Blum, R., Schümann, D.,  Scharfenort, R.,  Schumacher, J., Forstner, A.J., Baumann, C.,  Schiele, M.A.,  Notzon, S.,  Zwanzger, P.,  Janzing, J.G.E.,  Galesloot, T., Kiemeney, L.A.,  Gajewska, A., Glotzbach-Schoon, E.,  Mühlberger, A.,  Alpers, G.,  Fydrich, T.,  Fehm, L., Gerlach, A.L.,  Kircher, T., Lang, T., Ströhle, A., Arolt, V., Wittchen, H.-U., Kalisch, R., Büchel, C.,  Hamm, A,. Nöthen, M.M., Romanos, M., Domschke, K., Pauli, P., & Reif, A.(2017). GLRB allelic variation associated with agoraphobic cognitions, increased startle response and fear network activation: a potential neurogenetic pathway to panic disorder. Molecular Psychiatry, 22, 1431-1439. doi: 10.1038/mp.2017.2

Mayer, G., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger , A. (2017). Modelling Human Behaviour in Escape and Evacuation Simulation. Research and Advanced Technology in Fire Safety, 69-83.

Probst, T., Geib, C., Güroff, E., & Mühlberger, A. (2017). Training the social skill “being able to demand” vs. training the social skill “being able to say no”. A randomized controlled trial with healthy individuals. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 57, 1-5. doi: 20.1016/j.jbtep.2017.01.006

Reichenberger, J., Diemer, J., Zwanzger, P., Notzon, S., & Mühlberger, A. (2017). Soziales Kompetenztraining in Virtueller Realität bei sozialer Angst: Validierung relevanter Interaktionssituationen. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 46, 236-247. doi: 10.1026/1616-3443/a000444

Rodrigues, J., Müller, M., Mühlberger, A., & Hewig, J. (2017). Mind the movement: Frontal asymmetry stands for behavioral motivation, bilateral frontal activation for behavior. Psychophysiology, 1-9. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12908

Shiban, Y., Diemer, J., Müller, J., Brütting-Schick, J., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2017). Diaphragmatic breathing during virtual reality exposure therapy for aviophobia: functional coping strategy or avoidance behavior? BMC Psychiatry, 17, 1-10. doi: 10.1186/s12888-016-1181-2  [http://rdcu.be/oCSv]

Weeth, A., Mühlberger, A., & Shiban, Y. (2017). Was it less painful for knights? Influence of appearance in pain perception. European Journal of Pain. doi: 10.1002/ejp.108

Zimmermann, V., Wittmann, J., Sparrer, D., Mühlberger, A., & Shiban, Y. (2017). The generalization of conditioned startle responses from known to unknown lies. Learning and Motivation, 59, 64-69.doi: 10.1016/j.lmot.2017.05.002 


Ahrens, L. M., Pauli, P., Reif, A., Mühlberger, A., Langs, G., Aalderink, T., & Wieser, M. J. (2016). Fear conditioning and stimulus generalization in patients with social anxiety disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 44, 36-46. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2016.10.003

Andreatta, M., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2016). When does pleasure start after the end of pain? The time course of relief. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 524, 1653-1667. doi: 10.1002/cne.23872

Asthana, M. K., Brunhuber, B., Mühlberger, A., Reif, A., Schneider, S., & Herrmann, M. J. (2016). Preventing the Return of Fear Using Reconsolidation Update Mechanisms Depends on the Met-allele of the Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor Val66Met Polymorphism. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 19, 1-9. doi: 10.1093/ijnp/pyv137

Diemer, J., Lohkamp, N., Mühlberger, A., Zwanzger, P. (2016). Fear and physiological arousal during a virtual height challenge - effects in patients with acrophobia and healthy controls. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.10.007

Kuhn, M., Haaker, J., Glotzbach-Schoon, E., Schümann, D., Andreatta, M., Mechias, M. L., Raczka, K., Gartmann, N., Büchel, C., Deckert, J., Mühlberger, A., Pauli, P., Reif, A., Kalisch, T.B., &  Lonsdorf, T. B. (2016). Converging evidence for an impact of a functional NOS gene variation on anxiety-related processes Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11, 803-812. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsv151

Peperkorn, H.M., Diemer, J., Alpers, G.W., & Mühlberger, A. (2016). Representation of Patients’ Hand Modulates Fear Reactions of Patients with Spider Phobia in Virtual Reality. Front. Psychol. 7:268. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00268

Shiban, Y., Diemer, J., Brandl, S., Zack, R., Mühlberger A., & Wüst, A. (2016). Trier Social Stress Test in vivo and in virtual reality: Dissocation of response domains. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 110, 47-55. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2016.10.008

Shiban, Y., Fruth, M.B., Pauli, P., Kinateder, M., Reichenberger, J., & Mühlberger, A. (2016). Treatment effect on biases in size estimation in spider phobia. Biological Psychology, 121, Part B, 146-152. doi: 10.1016/biopsycho.2016.03.005

Shiban, Y., Peperkorn, H., Alpers, G.W., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2016). Influence of perceptual cues and conceptual information on the activation and reduction of claustrophobic fear. J of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 51, 19-26. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2015.11.002

Vierheilig, N., Mühlberger, A., Polak, T., & Herrmann, H. J. (2016). Transcranial direct current stimulation of the prefrontal cortex increases attention to visual target stimuli. Journal of Neural Transmission, 1-9. doi: 10.1007/s00702-016-1542-5

Walz, N., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2016). A human open field test reveals thigmotaxis related to agoraphobic fear. Biological Psychiatry, 80, 390-397. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.12.016  


Ahrens, L. M., Mühlberger, A., Pauli, P., & Wieser, M. J. (2015). Impaired visuocortical discrimination learning of socially conditioned stimuli in social anxiety. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci, 7, 929-37. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsu140

Andreatta, M., Glotzbach-Schoon, E., Mühlberger, A., Schulz, S. M., Wiemer, J., & Pauli, P. (2015). Initial and sustained brain responses to contextual conditioned anxiety in humans. Cortex, 63, 352-363. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2014.09.014

Andreatta, M., Leombruni, E., Glotzbach-Schoon, E., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2015). Generalization of Contextual Fear in Humans. Behavior Therapy, 46, 583-596. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2014.12.008

Diemer, J., Alpers, G. W., Peperkorn, H. M., Shiban, Y., & Mühlberger, A. (2015). The impact of perception and presence on emotional reactions: a review of research in virtual reality. Front Psychol, 6, 26. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00026

Domschke, K., Winter, B., Gajewska, A., Unterecker, S., Warrings, B., Dlugos, A., Notzon, S., Nienhaus, K., Markulin, F., Gieselmann, A., Jacob, C., Herrmann, M. J., Arolt, V., Mühlberger, A., Reif, A., Pauli, P., Deckert, J., & Zwanzger, P. (2015). Multilevel impact of the dopamine system on the emotion-potentiated startle reflex. Psychopharmacology (Berl), 11, 1983-1993. doi: 10.1007/s00213-014-3830-9

Glotzbach-Schoon, E., Andreatta, M., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2015). Reinstatement of contextual anxiety in humans: effects of state anxiety. Int J of Psychophysiol, 98, 557-566. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2015.07.013

Kinateder, M., Gromer, D., Gast, P., Buld, S., Müller, M., Jost, M., Nehfischer, M., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2015). The effect of dangerous goods transporters on hazard perception and evacuation behavior – A virtual reality experiment on tunnel emergencies. Fire Safety Journal, 78, 24-30. doi: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2015.07.002l.

Mühlberger, A., Kinateder, M., Brütting, J., Eder, S., Müller, M., Gromer, D., & Pauli, P. (2015). Influence of Information and Instructions on Human Behavior in Tunnel Accidents: A Virtual Reality Study. Journal of Virtual Reality and Broadcasting, 12. doi: urn:nbn:de:0009-6-42521

Peperkorn, H. M., Diemer, J., & Mühlberger, A. (2015). Temporal dynamics in the relation between presence and fear in virtual reality. Computers in Human Behavior, 48(0), 542-547. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.02.028

Ronchi, E., Kinateder, M., Müller, M., Jost, M., Nehfischer, M., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2015). Evacuation travel paths in virtual reality experiments for tunnel safety analysis. Fire Safety Journal, 71(0), 257-267. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2014.11.005

Schroeder, P. A., Mühlberger, A., & Plewnia, C. (2015). Expositionstherapie. Virtuelle Welten für die psychiatrische Anwendung. NeuroTransmitter, 10. doi: 10.1007/s15016-015-0695-z

Seibt, B., Mühlberger, A., Likowski, K. U., & Weyers, P. (2015). Facial mimicry in its social setting. Front Psychol. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01122

Shiban, Y., Brütting, J., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2015). Fear reactivation prior to exposure therapy: Does it facilitate the effects of VR exposure in a randomized clinical sample? Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 46(0), 133-140. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2014.09.009

Shiban, Y., Reichenberger, J., Neumann, I. D., & Mühlberger, A. (2015). Social conditioning and extinction paradigm: A translational study in virtual reality.Front Psychol, 6. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00400

Shiban, Y., Schelhorn, I., Jobst, V., Hörnlein, A., Puppe, F., Pauli, P., Mühlberger, A. (2015). The appearance effect: Influences of virtual agent features on performance and motivation.Computers in Human Behavior, 49 , 5-11.
doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.01.077

Shiban, Y., Schelhorn, I., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2015). Effect of combined multiple contexts and multiple stimuli exposure in spider phobis: a randomized clinical trial in virtual reality. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 71(0), 45-53.doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2015.05.014

Shiban, Y., Wittmann, J., Weißinger, M., & Mühlberger, A. (2015). Gradual extinction reduces Reinstatement. Front Behav Neurosci, 9. 254. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00254


Diemer, J., Mühlberger, A., Pauli, P., & Zwanzger, P. (2014). Virtual reality exposure in anxiety disorders: impact on psychophysiological reactivity. World J Biol Psychiatry, 15(6), 427-442. doi: 10.3109/15622975.2014.892632

Ewald, H., Glotzbach-Schoon, E., Gerdes, A. B., Andreatta, M., Muller, M., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2014). Delay and trace fear conditioning in a complex virtual learning environment-neural substrates of extinction. Front Hum Neurosci, 8, 323. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00323

Flohr, E. L., Arshamian, A., Wieser, M. J., Hummel, C., Larsson, M., Mühlberger, A., & Hummel, T. (2014). The fate of the inner nose: odor imagery in patients with olfactory loss. Neuroscience, 268, 118-127. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2014.03.018

Kinateder, M., Müller, M., Jost, M., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2014). Social influence in a virtual tunnel fire - influence of conflicting information on evacuation behavior. Appl Ergon, 45(6), 1649-1659. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2014.05.014

Kinateder, M., Ronchi, E., Gromer, D., Müller, M., Jost, M., Nehfischer, M., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2014). Social influence on route choice in a virtual reality tunnel fire. Transportation Research Part F-Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 26, 116-125. doi: DOI 10.1016/j.trf.2014.06.003

Kinateder, M., Ronchi, E., Nilsson, D., Kobes, M., Müller, M., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2014). Virtual reality for fire evacuation research. Proceedings of the 2014 Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems (FedCSIS), 7-10.

Mayer, G., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2014). Development of a microscopic pedestrian evacuation simulation taking into account behaviour and perception aspects. In K. Thoma, T. Leismann & I. Häring (Eds.), Future Security 2014. Berlin: Fraunhofer Verlag.

Mühlberger, A., Andreatta, M., Ewald, H., Glotzbach-Schoon, E., Troger, C., Baumann, C., Reif, A., Deckert, J., & Pauli, P. (2014). The BDNF Val66Met Polymorphism Modulates the Generalization of Cued Fear Responses to a Novel Context. Neuropsychopharmacology, 39(5), 1187-1195. doi: 10.1038/npp.2013.320

Peperkorn, H. M., Alpers, G. W., & Mühlberger, A. (2014). Triggers of fear: perceptual cues versus conceptual information in spider phobia. J Clin Psychol, 70(7), 704-714. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22057

Wiemer, J., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2014). Illusory correlations between neutral and aversive stimuli can be induced by outcome aversiveness. Cogn Emot, 28(2), 193-207. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2013.809699

Wieser, M. J., Gerdes, A. B., Bungel, I., Schwarz, K. A., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2014). Not so harmless anymore: how context impacts the perception and electrocortical processing of neutral faces. Neuroimage, 92, 74-82. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.01.022


Andreatta, M., Mühlberger, A., Glotzbach-Schoon, E., Pauli, P., (2013). Pain predictability reverses valence ratings of a relief-associated stimulus. Frotiers in systems neuroschience. 7,53.

Asthana, M., Nueckel, K., Mühlberger, A., Neueder, D., Polak, T., Domschke, K., Deckert, J., Herrmann, M. J. (2013). Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on consolidation of fear memory. Front Psychiatry, 4, 107. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00107

Diemer, J., Domschke, K., Mühlberger, A., Winter, B., Zavorotnyy, M., Notzon, S., Siling, K., Arolt, V., Zwanzger, P. (2013). Acute anxiolytic effects of quetiapine during virtual reality exposure--a double-blind placebo-controlled trial in patients with specific phobia. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol, 23(11), 1551-1560. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2013.01.001

Glotzbach-Schoon, E., Andreatta, M., Mühlberger, A., Pauli, P., (2013). Context conditioning in virual reality as a model for pathological anxiety. Neuroforum, 19:110-117

Glotzbach-Schoon, E., Andreatta, M., Reif, A., Ewald, H., Troger, C., Baumann, C., Deckert, J., Mühlberger, A., Pauli, P. (2013). Contextual fear conditioning in virtual reality is affected by 5HTTLPR and NPSR1 polymorphisms: effects on fear-potentiated startle. Front Behav Neurosci, 7, 31. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00031

Glotzbach-Schoon, E., Tadda, R., Andreatta, M., Troger, C., Ewald, H., Grillon, C., Pauli, P., Mühlberger, A. (2013). Enhanced discrimination between threatening and safe contexts in high-anxious individuals. Biol Psychol, 93(1), 159-166. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.01.011

Käse, M., Dresler, T., Andreatta, M., Ehlis, A. C., Wolff, B., Kittel-Schneider, S., Polak, T., Fallgatter, A.J., Mühlberger, A. (2013). Is there a negative interpretation bias in depressed patients? An affective startle modulation study. Neuropsychobiology, 67(4), 201-209. doi: 10.1159/000347086

Kinateder, M., Pauli, P., Muller, M., Krieger, J., Heimbecher, F., Ronnau, I., Bergerhausen, U., Vollmann, G., Vogt, P., Mühlberger, A. (2013). Human behaviour in severe tunnel accidents: Effects of information and behavioural training. Transportation Research Part F-Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 17, 20-32. doi: DOI 10.1016/j.trf.2012.09.001

Peperkorn, H. M., Alpers, G. W., & Mühlberger, A. (2013). Triggers of Fear: Perceptual Cues Versus Conceptual Information in Spider Phobia. J Clin Psychol. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22057

Peperkorn, H. M., & Mühlberger, A. (2013). The impact of different perceptual cues on fear and presence in virtual reality. Stud Health Technol Inform, 191, 75-79.

Schwarz, K. A., Wieser, M. J., Gerdes, A. B., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2013). Why are you looking like that? How the context influences evaluation and processing of human faces. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci, 8(4), 438-445. doi: 10.1093/scan/nss013

Seibt, B., Weyers, P., Likowski, K. U., Pauli, P., Mühlberger, A., & Hess, U. (2013). Non-conscious interdependence priming modulates congruent and incongruent facial reactions to emotional displays. Social Cognition, 31, 613-631.

Shiban, Y., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2013). Effect of multiple context exposure on renewal in spider phobia. Behav Res Ther, 51(2), 68-74. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2012.10.007


Andreatta, M., Fendt, M., Mühlberger, A., Wieser, M. J., Imobersteg, S., Yarali, A., Gerber, B., Pauli, P. (2012). Onset and offset of aversive events establish distinct memories requiring fear and reward networks. Learn Mem, 19(11), 518-526. doi: 10.1101/lm.026864.112

Andreatta, M., Puschmann, A. K., Sommer, C., Weyers, P., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2012). Altered processing of emotional stimuli in migraine: an event-related potential study. Cephalalgia, 32(15), 1101-1108. doi: 10.1177/0333102412459573

Domschke, K., Gajewska, A., Winter, B., Herrmann, M. J., Warrings, B., Mühlberger, A., Wosnitza, K., Glotzbach, E., Conzelmann, A., Dlugos A., Fobker, M., Jacob, C., Arolt, V., Pauli, P., Zwanzger, P., Deckert, J. (2012). ADORA2A Gene variation, caffeine, and emotional processing: a multi-level interaction on startle reflex. Neuropsychopharmacology, 37(3), 759-769. doi: 10.1038/npp.2011.253

Domschke, K., Klauke, B., Winter, B., Gajewska, A., Herrmann, M. J., Warrings, B., Mühlberger, A., Wosnitza, K., Dlugos, A., Naunin, S., Nienhaus, K., Fobker, M., Jacob, C., Arolt, V., Pauli, P., Reif, A., Zwanzger, P., Deckert, J. (2012). Modification of caffeine effects on the affect-modulated startle by neuropeptide S receptor gene variation. Psychopharmacology (Berl), 222(3), 533-541. doi: 10.1007/s00213-012-2678-0

Frey, M. C., Weyers, P., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2012). Androstadienone in motor reactions of men and women toward angry faces. Percept Mot Skills, 114(3), 807-825.

Gajewska, A., Blumenthal, T. D., Winter, B., Herrmann, M. J., Conzelmann, A., Mühlberger, A., Warrings B., Jacob, C., Arolt, V., Reif, A., Zwanzger, P., Pauli, P., Deckert, J., Domschke, K. (2012). Effects of ADORA2A gene variation and caffeine on prepulse inhibition: a multi-level risk model of anxiety. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry, 40, 115-121. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2012.08.008

Glotzbach, E., Ewald, H., Andreatta, M., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2012). Contextual fear conditioning predicts subsequent avoidance behaviour in a virtual reality environment. Cogn Emot, 26(7), 1256-1272. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2012.656581

Gschwendtner, K. M., Biehl, S. C., Mühlberger, A., Sommer, C., Kuebler, A., Reif, A., & Herrmann, M. J. (2012). The Relationship Between Valence, Task Difficulty, and the COMT Val(158)Met Polymorphism in Disengagement Processes. Journal of Psychophysiology, 26(3), 124-131. doi: 10.1027/0269-8803/a000075

Guhn, A., Dresler, T., Hahn, T., Mühlberger, A., Strohle, A., Deckert, J., & Herrmann, M. J. (2012). Medial prefrontal cortex activity during the extinction of conditioned fear: an investigation using functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Neuropsychobiology, 65(4), 173-182. doi: 10.1159/000337002

Kinateder, M., Pauli, P., Müller, M., & Mühlberger, A. (2012). Stresserleben und verändertes Fahrverhalten nach einem virtuellen Autounfall. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 41(3), 190-200.

Klauke, B., Winter, B., Gajewska, A., Zwanzger, P., Reif, A., Herrmann, M. J., Dlugos, A., Warrings, B., Jacob, C., Mühlberger, A., Arolt, V., Pauli, P., Deckert, J., Domschke, K. (2012). Affect-modulated startle: interactive influence of catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met genotype and childhood trauma. PLoS One, 7(6), e39709. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039709

Likowski, K. U., Mühlberger, A., Gerdes, A. B., Wieser, M. J., Pauli, P., & Weyers, P. (2012). Facial mimicry and the mirror neuron system: simultaneous acquisition of facial electromyography and functional magnetic resonance imaging. Front Hum Neurosci, 6, 214. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00214

Mühlberger, A., Neumann, R., Lozo, L., Muller, M., & Hettinger, M. (2012). Bottom-up and top-down influences of beliefs on emotional responses: fear of heights in a virtual environment. Stud Health Technol Inform, 181, 133-137.

Reicherts, P., Wieser, M. J., Gerdes, A. B., Likowski, K. U., Weyers, P., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2012). Electrocortical evidence for preferential processing of dynamic pain expressions compared to other emotional expressions. Pain, 153(9), 1959-1964. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2012.06.017

Tröger, C., Ewald, H., Glotzbach, E., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2012). Does pre-exposure inhibit fear context conditioning? A Virtual Reality Study. J Neural Transm, 119(6), 709-719. doi: 10.1007/s00702-011-0757-8

Wieser, M. J., Klupp, E., Weyers, P., Pauli, P., Weise, D., Zeller, D., Classen, J., Mühlberger, A. (2012). Reduced early visual emotion discrimination as an index of diminished emotion processing in Parkinson's disease? - Evidence from event-related brain potentials. Cortex, 48(9), 1207-1217. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2011.06.006


Glotzbach, E., Mühlberger, A., Gschwendtner, K., Fallgatter, A. J., Pauli, P., & Herrmann, M. J. (2011). Prefrontal Brain Activation During Emotional Processing: A Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy Study (fNIRS). Open Neuroimag J, 5, 33-39. doi: 10.2174/1874440001105010033

Likowski, K. U., Mühlberger, A., Seibt, B., Pauli, P., & Weyers, P. (2011). Processes underlying congruent and incongruent facial reactions to emotional facial expressions. Emotion, 11(3), 457-467. doi: 10.1037/a0023162

Likowski, K. U., Weyers, P., Seibt, B., Stöhr, C., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2011). Sad and lonely? sad mood suppresses facial mimicry. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 35(2), 101-117.

Mühlberger, A., Wieser, M. J., Gerdes, A. B., Frey, M. C., Weyers, P., & Pauli, P. (2011). Stop looking angry and smile, please: start and stop of the very same facial expression differentially activate threat- and reward-related brain networks. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci, 6(3), 321-329. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsq039

Schecklmann, M., Schaldecker, M., Aucktor, S., Brast, J., Kirchgassner, K., Mühlberger, A., Warnke, A., Gerlach, M., Fallgatter, A.J., Romanos, M. (2011). Effects of methylphenidate on olfaction and frontal and temporal brain oxygenation in children with ADHD. J Psychiatr Res, 45(11), 1463-1470. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2011.05.011


Andreatta, M., Mühlberger, A., Yarali, A., Gerber, B., & Pauli, P. (2010). A rift between implicit and explicit conditioned valence in human pain relief learning. Proc Biol Sci, 277(1692), 2411-2416. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.0103

Gerdes, A. B., Wieser, M. J., Mühlberger, A., Weyers, P., Alpers, G. W., Plichta, M. M., Breuer, F.,  Pauli, P. (2010). Brain Activations to Emotional Pictures are Differentially Associated with Valence and Arousal Ratings. Front Hum Neurosci, 4, 175. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2010.00175


Wieser, M. J., Pauli, P., Grosseibl, M., Molzow, I., & Mühlberger, A. (2010). Virtual social interactions in social anxiety--the impact of sex, gaze, and interpersonal distance. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw, 13(5), 547-554. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2009.0432

Wieser, M. J., Pauli, P., Reicherts, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2010). Don't look at me in anger! Enhanced processing of angry faces in anticipation of public speaking. Psychophysiology, 47(2), 271-280. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2009.00938.x


Bornas, X., Mühlberger, A., Llabres, J., Wiedemann, G., & Pauli, P. (2009). Looking for traces of phylogenetic fears: Differences in EEG slow oscillations and complexity between spider- and flight phobic subjects. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 9(1), 37-49.

Herrmann, M. J., Schreppel, T., Biehl, S. C., Jacob, C., Heine, M., Boreatti-Hummer, A., Mühlberger, A., Fallgatter, A. J. (2009). Emotional deficits in adult ADHD patients: an ERP study. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci, 4(4), 340-345. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsp033

Herrmann, M. J., Wurflein, H., Schreppel, T., Koehler, S., Mühlberger, A., Reif, A., Canli, T., Ramanos, M., Jacob, C.P., Lesch, K.P., Fallgatter, A. J. (2009). Catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met genotype affects neural correlates of aversive stimuli processing. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci, 9(2), 168-172. doi: 10.3758/CABN.9.2.168

Hoefling, A., Likowski, K. U., Deutsch, R., Hafner, M., Seibt, B., Mühlberger, A., Weyers, P., Strack, F. (2009). When hunger finds no fault with moldy corn: food deprivation reduces food-related disgust. Emotion, 9(1), 50-58. doi: 10.1037/a0014449

Mühlberger, A., Wieser, M. J., Herrmann, M. J., Weyers, P., Troger, C., & Pauli, P. (2009). Early cortical processing of natural and artificial emotional faces differs between lower and higher socially anxious persons. J Neural Transm, 116(6), 735-746. doi: 10.1007/s00702-008-0108-6

Weyers, P., Mühlberger, A., Kund, A., Hess, U., & Pauli, P. (2009). Modulation of facial reactions to avatar emotional faces by nonconscious competition priming. Psychophysiology, 46(2), 328-335. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2008.00771.x

Wieser, M. J., Pauli, P., Alpers, G. W., & Mühlberger, A. (2009). Is eye to eye contact really threatening and avoided in social anxiety? An eye-tracking and psychophysiology study. J Anxiety Disord, 23(1), 93-103. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2008.04.004

Wieser, M. J., Pauli, P., & Mühlberger, A. (2009). Probing the attentional control theory in social anxiety: an emotional saccade task. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci, 9(3), 314-322. doi: 10.3758/CABN.9.3.314

Wieser, M. J., Pauli, P., Weyers, P., Alpers, G. W., & Mühlberger, A. (2009). Fear of negative evaluation and the hypervigilance-avoidance hypothesis: an eye-tracking study. J Neural Transm, 116(6), 717-723. doi: 10.1007/s00702-008-0101-0


Herrmann, M. J., Huter, T., Plichta, M. M., Ehlis, A. C., Alpers, G. W., Mühlberger, A., & Fallgatter, A. J. (2008). Enhancement of activity of the primary visual cortex during processing of emotional stimuli as measured with event-related functional near-infrared spectroscopy and event-related potentials. Hum Brain Mapp, 29(1), 28-35. doi: 10.1002/hbm.20368

Kenntner-Mabiala, R., Andreatta, M., Wieser, M. J., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2008). Distinct effects of attention and affect on pain perception and somatosensory evoked potentials. Biol Psychol, 78(1), 114-122. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2008.01.007

Likowski, K. U., Mühlberger, A., Seibt, B., Pauli, P., & Weyers, P. (2008). Modulation of facial mimicry by attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44(4), 1065-1072. doi: DOI 10.1016/j.jesp.2007.10.007

Mühlberger, A., Neumann, R., Wieser, M. J., & Pauli, P. (2008). The impact of changes in spatial distance on emotional responses. Emotion, 8(2), 192-198. doi: 10.1037/1528-3542.8.2.192

Mühlberger, A., Sperber, M., Wieser, M. J., & Pauli, P. (2008). A Virtual Reality Behavior Avoidance Test (VR-BAT) for the assessment of spider phobia. Journal of CyberTherapy and Rehabilitation, 1(2), 147-158.

Mühlberger, A., Wieser, M. J., & Pauli, P. (2008a). Darkness-enhanced startle responses in ecologically valid environments: a virtual tunnel driving experiment. Biol Psychol, 77(1), 47-52. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.09.004

Mühlberger, A., Wieser, M. J., & Pauli, P. (2008b). Visual attention during virtual social situations depends on social anxiety. Cyberpsychol Behav, 11(4), 425-430. doi: 10.1089/cpb.2007.0084


Herrmann, M. J., Huter, T., Muller, F., Mühlberger, A., Pauli, P., Reif, A., Renner, T., Canli, T., Fallgatter, A. J., Lesch, K. P. (2007). Additive effects of serotonin transporter and tryptophan hydroxylase-2 gene variation on emotional processing. Cereb Cortex, 17(5), 1160-1163. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhl026

Mühlberger, A., Bülthoff, H. H., Wiedemann, G., & Pauli, P. (2007). Virtual reality for the psychophysiological assessment of phobic fear: responses during virtual tunnel driving. Psychol Assess, 19(3), 340-346. doi: 10.1037/1040-3590.19.3.340

Mühlberger, A., Sperber, M., Wieser, M. J., & Pauli, P. (2007). Virtual behavior avoidance test for spider phobia. In: S. Richir & E. Klinger. VRIC Laval Virtual Proceedings 2007 (pp. 97-102). Angers-Laval: ENSAM.

Mühlberger, A., Wieser, M. J., Kenntner-Mabiala, R., Pauli, P., & Wiederhold, B. K. (2007). Pain modulation during drives through cold and hot virtual environments. Cyberpsychol Behav, 10(4), 516-522. doi: 10.1089/cpb.2007.9996


Mühlberger, A., Weik, A., Pauli, P. & Wiedemann, G. (2006). One-session virtual reality exposure        treatment for fear of flying: one year follow-up and graduation flight accompaniment   effects. Psychotherapy Research. 16, 26-40.

Mühlberger, A., Wiedemann, G., Herrmann, M. J., & Pauli, P. (2006). Phylo- and ontogenetic fears and the expectation of danger: differences between spider- and flight-phobic subjects in cognitive and physiological responses to disorder-specific stimuli. J Abnorm Psychol, 115(3), 580-589. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.115.3.580

Weyers, P., Mühlberger, A., Hefele, C., & Pauli, P. (2006). Electromyographic responses to static and dynamic avatar emotional facial expressions. Psychophysiology, 43(5), 450-453. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2006.00451.x

Wieser, M. J., Mühlberger, A., Alpers, G. W., Macht, M., Ellgring, H., & Pauli, P. (2006). Emotion processing in Parkinson's disease: dissociation between early neuronal processing and explicit ratings. Clin Neurophysiol, 117(1), 94-102. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2005.09.009

Wieser, M. J., Mühlberger, A., Kenntner-Mabiala, R., & Pauli, P. (2006). Is emotion processing affected by advancing age? An event-related brain potential study. Brain Res, 1096(1), 138-147. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2006.04.028


Alpers, G. W., Ruhleder, M., Walz, N., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2005). Binocular rivalry between emotional and neutral stimuli: a validation using fear conditioning and EEG. Int J Psychophysiol, 57(1), 25-32. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2005.01.008

Herrmann, M. J., Ehlis, A. C., Mühlberger, A., & Fallgatter, A. J. (2005). Source localization of early stages of face processing. Brain Topogr, 18(2), 77-85. doi: 10.1007/s10548-005-0277-7

Mühlberger, A., Petrusek, S., Herrmann, M. J., & Pauli, P. (2005). Biocyberpsychologie. Subjektive und physiologische Reaktionen von Flugphobikern und Gesunden bei Exposition mit virtuellen Flügen [Biocyber psychology: subjective and physiological reactions in flight phobics and normal subjects during flight simulations] Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 34(2), 133-143.

Mühlberger, A., Wiedemann, G., & Pauli, P. (2005). Subjective and Physiological Reaction of flight phobics during VR Exposure and Treatment Outcome: What Adds Motion Simulation? Annual Review of Cyber Therapy and Telemedicine.

Mühlberger, A., Alpers, G. W., & Pauli, P. (2005). Fear of flying in the wake of September 11: No evidence for an increase in a German sample. Anxiety Stress and Coping, 18(4), 343-349. doi: 10.1080/10615800500289490

Pauli, P., Amrhein, C., Mühlberger, A., Dengler, W., & Wiedemann, G. (2005). Electrocortical evidence for an early abnormal processing of panic-related words in panic disorder patients. Int J Psychophysiol, 57(1), 33-41. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2005.01.009

2004 and earlier

Amrhein, C., Mühlberger, A., Pauli, P., & Wiedemann, G. (2004). Modulation of event-related brain potentials during affective picture processing: a complement to startle reflex and skin conductance response? Int J Psychophysiol, 54(3), 231-240. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2004.05.009

Bornas, X., Feliu, M. T., Llabrés, J., Mühlberger, A., Pauli, P., & Barceló, F. (2002). Clinical usefulness of a simulated exposure treatment for fear of flying. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 2(2), 247-262.

Mühlberger, A., Herrmann, M. J., Wiedemann, G. C., Ellgring, H., & Pauli, P. (2001). Repeated exposure of flight phobics to flights in virtual reality. Behav Res Ther, 39(9), 1033-1050.

Mühlberger, A., & Reiss, J. A. (2000). An unobtrusive measurement method of the horizontal gaze angle. Behav Res Methods Instrum Comput, 32(2), 312-321.

Mühlberger, A., Wiedemann, G., & Pauli, P. (2003). Efficacy of a one-session virtual reality exposure treatment for fear of flying. Psychother Res, 13(3), 323-336. doi: 10.1093/ptr/kpg030

Wiedemann, G., & Mühlberger, A. (2002). Psychophysiology of anxiety disorders.

Books and chapters

Diemer, J., & Mühlberger , A. (2019). Expositionstherapie in virtueller Realität. In P. Zwanzger (Ed.), Angst. Medizin, Psychologie, Gesellschaft. (pp. 199-206). Berlin: Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.

Mühlberger , A. (2018). Psychologische Wirkkraft immersiver Medien. Beiträge aus der Klinischen Psychologie. In K. von Lewinski (Ed.), Immersiver Journalismus. Technik - Wirkung - Regulierung. (pp. 43-60). Bielefeld: transcript Verlag.

Mühlberger , A., Gast, P., Plab, A., & Probst, T. (2018). Analyse des menschlichen Verhaltens bei Aktivierung von stationären Brandbekämpfungsanlagen in Straßentunneln. Berichte der Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen, Unterreihe „Brücken- und Ingenieurbau" Heft B 143.

Mühlberger, A., Virtuelle Realität in der Klinischen Emotions- und Psychotherapieforschung (pp. 149-161) in Jeschke, S., Kobbelt, L., Dröge, A., (2014) Exploring Virtuality, Virtualität im interdisziplinären Diskurs Wiesbaden: Springer Spektrum

Mühlberger, A., Kinateder, M., Brütting, J., Eder, S., Müller, M., Pauli, P., (2013). Influence of Information and Instructions on Human Behaviour in Tunnel Accidents: A Virtual Reality Study. In M. E. Latoschik, O.Staad, & F. Steinicke (Eds.) Virtuelle und Erweiterte Realität. 10. Workshop der GI-Fachgruppe VR/AR (pp. 49-60). Aachen: Shaker Verlag

Kinateder, M., Müller, M., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2012). Social Influence in a Virtual Tunnel Fire - Influence of Passive Virtual Bystanders. In 5th International Symposium on Human Behavior in Fire Symposium 2012 (pp. 506 - 516). London: Interscience Communications Ltd.

Kretz, T., Mayer, G., & Mühlberger, A. (2011). Behaviour and Perception-based Pedestrian Evacuation Simulation. In R. D. Peacock, E. D. Kuligowski & J. D. Averill (Eds.), Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics (pp. 827 - 832). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Alpers, G. W., Meyer, T. D., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2009). Gestörte Emotionsprozesse: Psychopathologie. In G. Stemmler (Ed.), Enzyklopädie der Psychologie, Band Psychologie der Emotion (pp. 623 - 667). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Alpers, G. W., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2009). Psychophysiologie der Emotionen [psychophysiology of emotions]. In V. Brandstätter & J. H. Otto (Eds.), Handbuch der Allgemeinen Psychologie: Motivation und Emotion (pp. 412 - 421). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Eder, S., Brütting, J., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2009). Human behaviour in tunnel accidents. Proceedings of the Human Behaviour in Fire Symposium 2009. Cambridge England.

Mühlberger, A., Alpers, G. W. & Pauli, P. (2009). Der Einsatz moderner Technologien in der Psychotherapie. In M. Hautzinger & P. Pauli (Ed.), Enzyklopädie der Psychologie, Band Serie III: Psychologische Interventionsmethoden, Band 2: Psychotherapeutische Methoden (pp. 665-724). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Brütting, J., Eder, S., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2008). Human behaviour in earthquakes: An overview from a psychological point of view. Proceedings of the IIT- TU9 Workshop (pp. 13-23), Chennai, India

Mucha, R. F., Mühlberger, A., Weyers, P., & Pauli, P. (2007). Suchtgedächtnis, Lernen und Drogencues. In G. A. Wiesbeck (Ed.), Alkoholismus-Forschung: Aktuelle Befunde, künftige Perspektiven (pp. 111-139). Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers.

Alpers, G. W., Krebs, H., Mühlberger, A., Weyers, P., & Pauli, P. (2006). Wissenschaftliche Beiträge zum 24. Symposium der Fachgruppe Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie. Lengerich: Pabst.

Alpers, G. W., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2006). Angststörungen - Biopsychologische Perspektive. In H. Förstl, M. Hautzinger & G. Roth (Eds.), Neurobiologie psychischer Störungen (pp. 523 - 544). Heidelberg: Springer.

Mühlberger, A. (2001). Exposition in virtuellen Welten zur Flugangsttherapie und experimentellen Therapieforschung. Augsburg: Pinus Verlag.

Mühlberger, A. (2003a). Angsterwartungsfragebogen bei Flugreisen. In J. Hoyer & J. Margraf (Eds.), Angstdiagnostik (pp. 407-408). Berling: Springer.

Mühlberger, A. (2003b). Flugangstfragebogen. In J. Hoyer & J. Margraf (Eds.), Angstdiagnostik (pp. 435-438). Berlin: Springer.

Mühlberger, A. (2003c). Gefahrenerwartungsfragebogen bei Flugreisen. In J. Hoyer & J. Margraf (Eds.), Angstdiagnostik (pp. 428-430). Berlin: Springer.

Mühlberger, A. (2003d). Tunnelangstfragebogen. In J. Hoyer & J. Margraf (Eds.), Angstdiagnostik (pp. 475-476). Berlin: Springer.

Mühlberger, A., Alpers, G. W., & Pauli, P. (2005). Spezifische Phobien. In F. Petermann & H. Reinecker (Eds.), Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie: Handbuch der Psychologie (pp. 472-481). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Mühlberger, A., Alpers, G. W., & Pauli, P. (2006). Psychophysiologische Methoden. In F. Petermann & M. Eid (Eds.), Handbuch der Psychologischen Diagnostik (pp. 160 - 167). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Mühlberger, A., Chatziastros, A., & Pauli, P. (2006). Virtuelle Welten als Therapiesystem gegen Ängste bei Flugreisen und Tunnelfahrten. In A. Günther, H. Hopfinger, J. Kagelmann & W. Kiefl (Eds.), Tourismusforschung in Bayern (pp. 343 - 351). München: Profil Verlag.

Mühlberger, A., Hermann, M. J., & Bassler, M. (2005). Spezifische (isolierte) Phobien. In M. Bassler & S. Leidig (Eds.), Psychotherapie der Angsterkrankungen (Reihe: Lindauer Psychotherapie Module) (pp. 102-116). Stuttgart: Thieme.

Mühlberger, A., & Herrmann, M. J. (2011). Strategien für entspanntes Fliegen. Ein Selbsthilfeprogramm zur Bewältigung von Flugangst. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Mühlberger, A., Krebs, H., & Pauli, P. (2008). Expositionsbehandlung mit Hilfe virtueller Realität (Schwerpunkt: Flugphobie). In S. Bauer & H. Kordy (Eds.), E-Mental-Health. Heidelberg: Springer.

Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2011). Flugangst- und Flugphobie-Inventar (FAPI). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Mühlberger, A., Pauli, P., & Bülthoff, H. H. (2003). Virtual car driving environments for psychophysiological research in tunnel phobic. In R. Rosenzweig & (Organisation) (Eds.), Report for the period 2001-2002. Tübingen: Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics.

Mühlberger, A., Sperber, M., Wieser, M. J., & Pauli, P. (2007). Virtual behavior avoidance test for spider phobia. In S. Richir & E. Klinger (Eds.), VRIC Laval Virtual Proceedings 2007 (pp. 97 - 102). Angers-Laval: ENSAM.

Wiedemann, G., & Mühlberger, A. (2002). Psychophysiology of anxiety disorders. In H. D'haenen, J. A. den Boer & P. Willner (Eds.), Textbook of Biological Psychiatry (pp. 959-974). New York: Wiley.

Other publications

Chatziastros, A., & Mühlberger, A. (2003). Tunnel simulations against monotony        and angst. Tunnel, 2003, 12-18.

Kinateder, M., Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2012). Sicher durch den Tunnel? – Menschliches Verhalten bei Bränden in Straßentunneln  [Safely through the tunnel? – How People Behave in Tunnel Fires]. Tunnel, 5, 26-32.

Mühlberger, A., (2014), Besprechung von Schienle, A. & Leutgeb. V. (2012). Blut-Spritzen-Verletzungsphobie Göttingen: Hogrefe. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie

Mühlberger, A. (2010). Therapie in der künstlichen Welt. Projekt Psychotherapie, 2, 30-33.

Mühlberger, A. (2012). Buchbesprechung zu L. Fehm und T. Fydrich (2011): Prüfungsangst: Fortschritte der Psychotherapie (Bd. 44). Göttingen: Hogrefe. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 41, 132-133.

Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2005). Buchbesprechung zu Manfred Spitzer (2004): Von Geistesblitzen und Hirngespinsten: Schattauer Verlag. Verhaltenstherapie, 15, 189.

Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2009). Virtual Reality Expositionstherapie (VRET). Vorteile und Effektivität einer neuen Methode zur verhaltenstherapeutischen Behandlung von Angststörungen. Psychologie in Österreich, 5, 396-404.

Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2010). Does content matter? Which virtual environments do we need for pain management? CyberTherapy & Rehabilitation Magazine, 2, 29-30.

Mühlberger, A., & Pauli, P. (2011). Virtuelle Realität in der Psychotherapie. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 2, 143-147.

Zwanzger, P., Vennewald, N., Diemer, J., Fallgatter, A., Mühlberger, A., Ströhle, A., (2013). Experimentelle Behandlungsverfahren bei Angsterkrankungen - Einblick in die Therapieforschung. Die Psychiatrie 10(4), 251-255

  1. Fakultät für Psychologie, Pädagogik und Sportwissenschaft
  2. Institut für Psychologie

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy