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Physics - Teaching Qualification Realschule


Teaching Qualification: Realschule

Program structure

Realschule teaching degree: Two teaching subjects are combined. In addition, the course of study is supplemented by the study of educational science. This results in the following combination of subjects:

  • 2 teaching subjects
  • Educational science studies

Which subject combinations you can choose when studying to become a teacher at elementary schools can be found in the lists of possible combinations.

Special features

Separate courses for student teachers in experimental physics and in structure of matter; exam courses in experimental physics and in didactics of physics.


The basic studies include classical physics (mechanics, electrodynamics, optics and thermodynamics) and the physical practical courses. In the third semester, the specialized didactic training and the training in structure of matter (atoms and molecules, solid state physics and particle physics) begin. The educational science studies are spread over the entire course of study. In addition, there are school internships and a company internship.

Professional prospects / competencies

The first state examination primarily qualifies students for entry into the teacher traineeship and later for a teaching position at a secondary school. Since the students not only have the subject-specific basics in two subjects, but also subject-didactic, pedagogical-psychological, methodological and interdisciplinary competences and key qualifications (e.g. computer skills), graduates have always found employment outside the school in the past. In most cases, however, an additional qualification or retraining was required. One-year courses are offered here by the employment office, for example.

Internships, lab courses, practical courses

The teacher training program for the Realschule requires five internships. In addition to the orientation internship before or at the very beginning of the studies, a pedagogical internship and a subject-didactical internship must be completed during the lecture-free period between the first semesters. Both internships should be completed as early as possible in the course of study. In one of the higher semesters, a subject-related didactic internship will follow. An internship of 8 weeks must be completed by the time of registration for the 1st state examination at the latest.

In accordance with the examination regulations for teaching I (LPO I), §§ 34, 36 and 38, the following teaching practices are to be completed:

  •  Occupational internship
  •  Orientation internship
  •  Pedagogic-didactic teaching practice
  •  Teaching practice accompanying studies

Disciplines involved

Not specified

Program duration / standard period of study

The length of the program depends on the progress of an individual's studies. The standard period of study, the time in which the intended program can be finished ideally is 7 semesters. The actual time taken to complete the program may vary. It is limited by the examination deadlines set out in the examination regulations.

Program scope

210 ECTS credits overall; comprising 60 ECTS credits for each teaching subject, 12 ECTS credits in each subject didactics, 35 ECTS credits in education, 10 ECTS credits in the thesis, 15 ECTS credits in the elective area, 6 ECTS credits teaching practice.

Language of instruction


Program can be started

In the winter and summer term

What qualities do I need to have?

Anyone who wants to become a teacher must, enjoy working with young people. Teachers must pursue the goal of contributing to the personality development of students in a committed manner. To do this, you must be interested in developing your own personality profile. This includes, among other things, the willingness to constantly develop professional, communicative and social skills. Organizational skills are just as important as the ability to learn and work independently, in groups, and with reflection. Another prerequisite for working as a teacher is the ability to deal with failure. If the students do not want to or cannot work, then the teacher must not lose motivation.

A very important prerequisite for a teaching degree in physics is that you find physics exciting. Without enthusiasm and a deep interest in scientific phenomena and problems, a physics degree is difficult to sustain. Beyond this enthusiasm, you should have a good aptitude for physics and mathematics. Physical laws are often presented with the help of mathematics. In doing so, students must acquire knowledge that goes beyond what they have learned in school. In addition, you are expected to be willing to acquire skills in computing.

Restricted admittance

No, this program does not have restricted admission based on grades.

Legal requirements for admission

The prerequisite is a general university entrance qualification, a subject-linked university entrance qualification or a professional qualification.

Application deadline(s)

None (no application is required for German students).

Information for international applicants

Registration dates and deadlines

Information about the dates for enrollment and the required documents can be found on the homepage of the Registrar's Office.

Language skills needed

No language certificates are required.

Information on German language proficiency for international students

Documents needed (to apply / register)

Information on the documents required for enrollment can be found on the homepage of the Registrar's Office.

Information on the application documents for international applicants

Contact within the faculty

Academic Counseling for Teaching Degrees

Christian Maurer

E-Mail: christian1.maurer@ur.de


Study Programs at UR