Creating the Qur’an: A Historical-Critical Study. Oakland: University of California Press, 2022. (Open Access)
A Prophet Has Appeared: The Rise of Islam through Christian and Jewish Eyes. Oakland: University of California Press, 2021. Turkish trans. in progress.
The Apocalypse of Empire: Imperial Eschatology in Late Antiquity and Early Islam. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018. viii + 252 pp.
The First Christian Hymnal: The Songs of the Ancient Jerusalem Church (Georgian text with translation). Provo: BYU Press, 2018 (Eastern Christian Texts Series). xxxvii + 338 pp.
The Dormition and Assumption Apocrypha. Studies on Early Christian Apocrypha. Leuven: Peeters Publishers, 2018. xii + 368 pp.
Three Christian Martyrdoms from Early Islamic Palestine: The Passion of Peter of Capitolias (d. 715), the Passion of Romanos (d. 780), and the Twenty Martyrs of Mar Saba (d. 797) (Georgian and Greek texts with translation). Provo: BYU Press, 2016 (Eastern Christian Texts Series). xliv + 209 pp.
Mary in Early Christian Faith and Devotion. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2016. 289 pp. Romanian trans. Fecioara Maria în credinţa şi evlavia creştină primară. Iaşi: Doxologia, 2018.
The Death of a Prophet: The End of Muhammad’s Life and the Beginnings of Islam. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012; pbk. 2015. 408 pp.
Maximus the Confessor, The Life of the Virgin: Translated, with an Introduction and Notes. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012. 215 pp. Brazilian Portuguese trans.: São Máximo Confessor A vida da Virgem. Campinas, SP: Ecclesia, 2019.
Ancient Traditions of the Virgin Mary’s Dormition and Assumption. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002; repr. 2005; pbk. 2006. 460 pp.
Books in Progress:
Muhammad and the Beginnings of Islam: A Critical History (Trade book). Complete Draft
The Capture of Jerusalem by the Persians in 614 (parallel critical translations of the Georgian and Arabic versions). With Sean Anthony (Ohio State University). Complete Draft (delayed due to pandemic).
The Dormition and Assumption of the Virgin Mary. Commissioned for the AELAC Collection de Poche, Brepols Publishers. Translations from Ethiopic, Syriac, Christian Palestinian Aramaic, Greek, Latin, and Georgian. Under Review.
The “Six Books” Dormition Narrative in Syriac: Critical Edition, Translation, and Commentary. Partly drafted. Commissioned for the Corpus Christianorum Series
Apocryphorum, Brepols Publishers (delayed due to manuscript access; anticipated completion 2022).
Monographic Articles (Peer-Reviewed)
“In Search of ʿUrwa’s Sīra: Some Methodological Issues in the Quest for ‘Authenticity’ in the Life of Muḥammad.” Der Islam 85.2 (2009): 257-344.
“Mary at Mar Saba: The Late Ancient Origins of the Orthodox Life of the Virgin Tradition.” Journal of Orthodox Christian Studies 5 (2022), forthcoming.
“The Dome of the Rock and Early Islamic Eschatology.” In Marking the Sacred: The Temple Mount / Haram al-Sharif in Jerusalem, edited by Joan Branham and Beatrice St. Laurent, forthcoming. University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 2019. Final version submitted 31 July 2017.
"Les vies de Muhammad." In Le Coran des historiens, edited by Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi and Guillaume Dye, vol. 1, 183-245. 2 vols. Paris: Les éditions du Cerf, 2019.
“The Coptic Homily on the Theotokos attributed to Cyril of Jerusalem: An Aberrant and Apologetic ‘Life’ of the Virgin from Late Antiquity.” In The Reception of the Mother of God: Marian Narratives in Texts and Images, edited by Thomas Arentzen and Mary Cunningham, 217-34. Cambridge University Press, 2019.
“Apocrypha.” In Oxford Handbook on Early Christian Biblical Interpretation, edited by Paul M. Blowers and Peter W. Martens, 285-294. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.
“Anastasius of Sinai and the Beginnings of Islam.” In Journal of Orthodox Christian Studies 1.2 (2018): 137-54.
“Muhammad,” in The Routledge Handbook on Early Islam. Ed. Herbert Berg, 49-64. New York: Routledge, 2018.
“Sing, O Daughter(s) of Zion: Public Worship in the Melanias’ Jerusalem.” Melania: Early Christianity in the Life of One Family, edited by Catherine M. Chin and Caroline T. Schroeder, 222-39. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2016.
“The Afterlife of the Apocalypse of John in Byzantine Apocalyptic Literature and Commentary.” The New Testament in Byzantium, edited by Derek Krueger and Robert S. Nelson, 301-16. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks, 2016.
“The (Ps?-)Maximus Life of the Virgin and the Marian Literature of Middle Byzantium.” Journal of Theological Studies 67.1 (2016): 115-42.
“The Apocalypse of the Virgin: A New Translation and Introduction.” To appear in More Christian Apocrypha, edited by Tony Burke and Brent Landau, 488-505. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2016.
“The Tiburtine Sibyl: A New Translation and Introduction.” To appear in More Christian Apocrypha, edited by Tony Burke and Brent Landau, 506-521. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2016.
“The Tiburtine Sibyl, the Last Emperor, and the Early Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition.” Forbidden Texts on the Western Frontier: The Christian Apocrypha in North American Perspectives, edited by Tony Burke, 218-44. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2015.
“The Reign of God Has Come: Eschatology and Empire in Late Antiquity and Early Islam.” Arabica: Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies 61 (2014): 514-58.
“Apocalyptic Traditions in the Armenian Dormition Narratives.” In The Armenian Apocalyptic Tradition: A Comparative Perspective, edited by Kevork D. Bardakjian and Sergio LaPorta, 538-50. Leiden: Brill, 2014.
“Muḥammad and the Qurʾān.” In The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity, edited by Scott F. Johnson, 1078-1108. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
“From Mother of Mysteries to Mother of the Church: The Institutionalization of the Dormition Apocrypha.” Apocrypha 22 (2011): 11-47.
“Mary at the Cross, East and West: Maternal Compassion and Affective Piety in the Earliest Life of the Virgin and the High Middle Ages.” Journal of Theological Studies 62 (2011): 570-606.
“New Syriac Dormition Fragments from Palimpsests in the Schøyen Collection and the British Library: Presentation, Edition, and Translation.” Le Muséon 124.3-4 (2011): 259-78.
“Asceticism in the Early Dormition Narratives.” Studia Patristica 44 (2010): 509-13.
“The Cult of Fashion: The Earliest Life of the Virgin and Constantinople’s Marian Relics.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 62 (2008): 53-74.
“Epiphanius of Salamis, the Kollyridians, and the Early Dormition Narratives: The Cult of the Virgin in the Later Fourth Century.” Journal of Early Christian Studies 16 (2008): 369-99.
“Early Christian Apocryphal Literature.” In Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies, edited by David Hunter and Susan Ashbrook Harvey, 521-48. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
“A Peculiar Version of the Inventio crucis in the Early Syriac Dormition Traditions.” Studia Patristica 41 (2006): 75-81.
“Death and the Maiden: The Early History of the Dormition and Assumption Apocrypha.” Saint Vladimir's Theological Quarterly 50 (2006): 59-97.
“The Virgin Mary in the Ministry of Jesus and the Early Church according to the Earliest Life of the Virgin.” Harvard Theological Review 98 (2005): 441-67.
“Jesus’ Gnostic Mom: Mary of Nazareth and the ‘Gnostic Mary’ Traditions.” In Deirdre Good, ed., Mariam, the Magdalen, and the Mother. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005, 153-82.
“Christmas in the Qurʾān: The Qurʾānic Account of Jesus’ Nativity and Palestinian Local Tradition.” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 28 (2003): 11-39.
“Rethinking the ‘Gnostic Mary’: Mary of Nazareth and Mary of Magdala in Early Christian Tradition.” Journal of Early Christian Studies 9 (2001): 555-595.
“Gender at the Virgin's Funeral: Men and Women as Witnesses to the Dormition.” Studia Patristica 34 (2001): 552-58.
“The (Re?)Discovery of the Kathisma Church and the Cult of the Virgin in Late Ancient Palestine.” Maria: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Marian Studies 2 (2001): 21-72.
“‘Let Us Go and Burn Her Body’: The Image of the Jews in the Early Dormition Traditions.” Church History 68.4 (1999): 775-823.
“The Sahidic Coptic Homily on the Dormition of the Virgin Attributed to Evodius of Rome: An Edition of Morgan MSS 596 & 598 with Translation.” Analecta Bollandiana 117.3-4 (1999): 241-83.
“Gnosis and Paideia: Education and Heresy in Late Ancient Egypt.” Studia Patristica 31 (1997): 535-39.
“Constantine and the Birth of Medieval Apocalypticism: Imperial Eschatology in Eusebius, Lactantius, Ephrem, Aphrahat, and the Tiburtine Sybil.” To appear in Visions of the End, Jay Rubenstein and Robert Bast, editors. Submitted 20 September 2021.
“Mary between Bible and Qur’an: Apocrypha, Archaeology, and the Memory of Mary in Late Ancient Palestine.” To appear in Extracanonical Traditions and The Holy Land: Texts, Rituals, and Material Culture in Late Antique Palestine, Harald Buchinger, Andreas Merkt, and Tobias Nicklas, editors. Submitted 15 February 2020.
“Hagiography at the Monastery of Mar Saba in the Early Middle Ages.” To appear in The Lavra of St. Sabas: Liturgy and Literature in Communities and Contexts, Joseph Verheyden and Daniel Galadza, editors. Submitted 6 January 2020.
“The Cult of the Virgin in the Liturgy of Late Ancient Constantinople.” Towards the Prehistory of the Byzantine Liturgical Year: Festal Homilies and Festal Liturgies in Late Antique Constantinople, edited by Stefanos Alexopoulos and Harald Buchinger. Leuven: Peeters, forthcoming. Final version submitted 12 June 2019.
“Syriac Apocalypticism and the Rise of Islam.” The Future of Syriac Studies, edited by Robert A. Kitchen, Brouria Bitton-Ashkelony, and Miriam Hjälm. Forthcoming. Final version submitted 20 June 2018.
“The Jerusalem Georgian Chantbook and the Sunday Hymns of Late Ancient Jerusalem.” In Resonant Faith in Late Antiquity. Idiom, Music, And Devotion in Early Christian Hymns, edited by Arkadii Avdokhin. London: Routledge, forthcoming. Final version submitted 2 March 2018.
“Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins.” In Early Islam: The Sectarian Milieu of Late Antiquity?, edited by Guillaume Dye. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, forthcoming. Final version submitted 4 August 2016.
“A New Arabic Apocryphon from Late Antiquity: The Qur’an.” In The Study of Islamic Origins: New Perspectives and Contexts, edited by Mette Bjerregaard Mortensen, Guillaume Dye, Isaac Oliver and Tommaso Tesei, 29-42. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2021.
"Qur’anic Eschatology in its Biblical and Late Ancient Matrix." In Dreams, Visions, Imaginations: Jewish, Christian and Gnostic Views of the World to Come, edited by Schröter Jens, Nicklas Tobias and Armand Puig i Tàrrech, 461-86. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2021.
“The Eschatological Reign of God in the Qur’an: The Amr Allāh” In Die Entstehung einer Weltreligion VI: Vom umayyadischen Christentum zum abbasidiscchen Islam, Robert Kerr and Markus Groß, editors, 720-33. Berlin: Schiler-Mücke, 2020.
“Ps.-Ps.-Dionysius on the Dormition: A Translation and Study of the Armenian Letter from Dionysius to Titus.” In The Jewish Roots of Eastern Christian Mysticism: Studies in Honor of Alexander Golitzin, edited by Andrei Orlov, 325-36. Leiden: Brill, 2020.
“The Portents of the Hour: Eschatology and Empire in the Early Islamic Tradition.” In Cultures of Eschatology: Authority and Empire in Christian, Muslim, and Buddhist Communities, edited by Veronika Wieser, Vincent Eltschinger and Johann Heiss, 298-320. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2020.
“Jewish Christianity, Non-Trinitarianism, and the Beginnings of Islam.” In Jewish Christianity and Early Islam, edited by Francisco del Río Sánchez, 101-14. Turnhout: Brepols, 2017.
“Commentaries on Qurʾān 18.60-102, 19.1-98, 74.1-56, 88.1-26.” In The Qurʾān Seminar, edited by Mehdi Azaiez. www.iqsa-quranseminar.org. Also“ Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2016.
“Mary in Early Christian Apocrypha: Virgin Territory.” In Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent, edited by Pierluigi Piovanelli and Tony Burke, 175-90. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2015.
“The Ancient Dormition Apocrypha and the Origins of Marian Piety: Early Evidence of Marian Intercession from Late Ancient Palestine.” In Presbeia Theotokou, The Intercessory Role of Mary across Times and Places in Byzantium (4th – 9th century), edited by Leena Mari Peltomaa, Pauline Allen and Andreas Külzer, 23-39. Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences 2015.
“A Mother’s Passion: Mary’s Role in the Crucifixion and Resurrection in the Earliest Life of the Virgin and its Influence on George of Nicomedia’s Passion Homilies.” In The Cult of the Mother of God in Byzantium, edited by Leslie Brubaker and Mary Cunningham, 53-67. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2011.
“A New Dormition Fragment in Coptic: P. Vindob. K 7589 and the Marian Apocryphal Tradition.” In Bibel, Byzanz und Christlicher Orient. Festschrift für Stephen Gerö zum 65. Geburtstag, edited by D. Bumazhnov, E. Grypeou, T. B. Sailors, & A. Toepel, 203-29. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 187. Louvain: Peeters 2011.
“Apocrypha and Liturgy in the Fourth Century: The Case of the “Six Books” Dormition Apocryphon.” In Jewish and Christian Scriptures: The Function of 'Canonical' and 'Non-canonical' Religious Texts, edited by James H. Charlesworth and Lee Martin McDonald, 153-63. London: T & T Clark, 2010.
“The Virgin Mary’s Hidden Past: From Ancient Marian Apocrypha to the Medieval vitae Virginis.” Marian Studies 60 (2009): 1-30.
“Between Scripture and Tradition: The Marian Apocrypha of Early Christianity.” In The Reception and Interpretation of the Bible in Late Antiquity. Proceedings of the Montréal Colloquium in Honour of Charles Kannengiesser, 11-13 October 2006, edited by L. DiTommaso and L. Turcescu, 491-510. The Bible in Ancient Christianity 6. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2008.
“The Cult of the Virgin in the Fourth Century: A Fresh Look at Some Old and New Sources.” In The Origins of the Cult of the Virgin Mary, edited by Chris Maunder, 71-87. Continuum, 2008.
“Marian Liturgies and Devotion in Early Christianity.” In Mary: The Complete Resource, edited by Sarah Jane Boss, 130-45. London: Continuum Press, 2007.
“The Georgian Life of the Virgin attributed to Maximus the Confessor: Its Authenticity(?) and Importance.” In Mémorial R.P. Michel van Esbroeck, S.J., edited by Alexey Muraviev and Basil Lourié, 307-28. Scrinium 2. St. Petersburg: Byzantinorossica, 2006.
“A Case of Mistaken Identity?: Naming the ‘Gnostic Mary.’” In Which Mary? Marys in Early Christian Tradition, edited by F. Stanley Jones, 5-30. SBL Symposium Series 20. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2002.
Articles in Progress:
“The Passion of St Golinduch (d. 591).” Translation from Georgian to appear in a collection of hagiographies by Eustratius Presbyter in Translated Text for Historians, with Averil Cameron and Philip Booth. Completed and submitted 22 September 2016.
Book Reviews/ Dictionary Articles:
“Review of Philip Wood, The Imam of the Christians: The World of Dionysius of Tel-Mahre, c. 750-850. Church History (2021)
“Review of Michael E. Pregill, The Golden Calf between Bible and Qur’an. Church History (2021).
“Review of Chris Maunder, ed., The Oxford Handbook of Mary. Theologische Revue (2021).
“Review of Ally Kateusz, Mary and Early Christian Women: Hidden Leadership.” Journal of Early Christian Studies 29.1 (2021).
“Review of Jack Tannous, The Making of the Medieval Middle East: Religion, Society, and Simple Believers.” Church History 89 (2020).
“Review of Christian Sahner, Christian Martyrs Under Islam: Religious Violence and the Making of the Muslim World.” Medieval Encounters 26 (2020).
“Review of Tony Burke, The Syriac Tradition of the Infancy Gospel of Thomas: A Critical Edition and English Translation.” Journal of Theological Studies.
“Review of The Garb of Being: Embodiment and the Pursuit of Holiness in Late Ancient Christianity, ed. by Georgia Frank, Susan R Holman, and Andrew S Jacobs.” Choice Reviews.
“Review of Thomas Arentzen, The Virgin in Song: Mary and the Poetry of Romanos the Melodist.” Journal of Early Christian Studies.
“Review of David Frankfurter, Christianizing Egypt: Syncretism and Local Worlds in Late Antiquity.” Choice Reviews.
“Aerial Toll Houses, Provisional Judgment, and the Orthodox Faith: A Review of The Departure of the Soul According to the Teaching of the Orthodox Church.” Public Orthodoxy and Orthodox Christian Studies.
“Mary (Mother of Jesus) Christianity, Patristics,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter), forthcoming.
“Review of Shahab Ahmed, Before Orthodoxy: The Satanic Verses in Early Islam.” Choice Reviews.
“Review of M. Cecilia Gaposchkin, Invisible Weapons: Liturgy and the Making of Crusade Ideology. Choice Reviews.
“Review of Friedrich Schleiermacher, Christian Faith: A New Translation and Critical Edition, 2 vols. Choice Reviews.
“Review of Elizabeth Hayes Alvarez, The Valiant Woman: The Virgin Mary in Nineteenth-Century American Culture.” Choice Reviews.
“Review of Andrew Gregory and Christopher Tuckett, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Apocrypha.” Choice Reviews.
“Review of Holger Zellentin, The Qurʾān’s Legal Culture: The Didascalia Apostolorum as a Point of Departure.” The Journal of Early Christian Studies.
“Review of Kevin Madigan, Medieval Christianity.” Choice Reviews.
“Review of Garth Fowden, Before and After Muḥammad: The First Millennium Refocused.” Journal of Late Antiquity.
“Muhammad” in Routledge Dictionary of Ancient Mediterranean Religions (London: Routledge, 2016).
“Review of Tony Burke, Secret Scriptures Revealed: A New Introduction to the Christian Apocrypha.” Choice Reviews.
“Review of G. W. Bowersock, The Throne of Adulis: Red Sea Wars on the Eve of Islam.” Journal of Early Christian Studies.
“Review of Chad Meister and James Beilby, eds., The Routledge Companion to Modern Christian Thought.” Choice Reviews.
“Review of Brian Reynolds. Gateway to Heaven: Marian Doctrine and Devotion, Image and Typology in the Patristic and Medieval Periods. Volume 1, Doctrine and Devotion.” Catholic Historical Review, April 2013, 99.2, 333-4.
“Review of Dale T. Irvin and Scott W. Sunquist, History of the World Christian Movement, vol. 2, Modern Christianity from 1454-1800.” Choice Reviews, June 2013.
“Review of Simon Mimouni, Les traditions anciennes sur la Dormition et l’Assomption de Marie. Études littéraires, historiques et doctrinale.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 63.4 (2012): 796-7.
“Review of Andreas Görke and Gregor Schoeler. Die ältesten Berichte über das Leben Muḥammads. Das Korpus ʿUrwa ibn Az-Zubair.” Der Islam 89.2 (2012): 206-9.
“Review of Enrico Norelli, Marie des apocryphes. Enquête sur la mère de Jésus dans le christianisme antique.” Zeitschrift für antikes Christentum 16 (2012): 372-4.
“Dormition and Assumption of Mary,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2012), vol. 6, 1100-3.
“Review of Abraham Terian, The Armenian Gospel of the Infancy with three early versions of the Protevangelium of James.” Zeitschrift für antikes Christentum 14.3 (2011): 607-9.
“Review of Miri Rubin, Mother of God: A History of the Virgin Mary.” The American Historical Review, October 2010, 1099-1101 (featured review).
“Review of Thomas Sizgorich, Violence and Belief in Late Antiquity: Militant Devotion in Christianity and Islam.” Journal of Religion 90.3 (2010): 426-8.
“Review of Hans Förster, Transitus Mariae: Beiträge zur koptischen Überlieferung mit einer Edition von P. Vindob. K 7589, Cambridge Add 1876 8 und Paris BN Copte 12917 ff. 28 und 29.” Theologische Literaturzeitung, February, 2009.
“Annunciation” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2009), vol. 2, 58-61.
“Cyril of Jerusalem, Twentieth Discourse of”; “James, Ascents of”; “James, First Apocalypse of”; “James, Second Apocalypse of”; “James, the Great, Acts of”; “John the Evangelist, Book of”; “John, Acts of, by Prochorus”; “Mary, Gospel of the Nativity of”; “Pseudo-Matthew, Gospel of”; “Virgin, Apocalypses of”; “Virgin, Assumption of” in The New Interpreters Dictionary of the Bible (Nashville: Abingdon) 2006-9.
“Review of Maria Vassilaki, ed., Images of the Mother of God: Perceptions of the Theotokos in Byzantium.” St. Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly, forthcoming.
“Review of Amy-Jill Levine, A Feminist Companion to Mariology.” Expository Times 117.12 (Sept. 2006).
“Review of Jaroslav Pelikan, David Flusser, Justin Lang, Mary: Images of the Mother of Jesus in Jewish and Christian Perspective.” Expository Times 117.12 (Sept. 2006).
“Review of Jan Willem Drijvers, Cyril of Jerusalem: Bishop and City.” Expository Times 117.7 (Apr. 2006).
“Review of Carl E. Braaten and Robert W. Jensen, eds., Mary, Mother of God.” Expository Times 116.12 (Sept. 2005).
“Review of Uwe Michael Lang, John Philoponus and the Controversies over Chalcedon in the Sixth Century.” Religious Studies Review 30 (2004).
“Review of Mary Foskett, A Virgin Conceived: Mary and Classical Representations of Virginity.” Biblical Interpretation 12.3 (2004).
“Review of Sarah Jane Boss, Empress and Handmaid: On Nature and Gender in the Cult of the Virgin Mary.” Church History 73.4 (2004).
“Review of Edmondo Lupieri, The Mandeans: The Last Gnostics.” History of Religion 43.2 (2003).
“Review of Peter Schäfer, Mirror of His Beauty: Feminine Images of the Divine from the Bible to the Early Kabbalah.” Shofar 23.1 (2003).
“Review of Wheeler M. Thackston, Introduction to Syriac.” Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 6.1 (2003).
“Review of Brian E. Daley, S.J., On the Dormition of Mary: Early Patristic Homilies.” Church History 68 (1999).
“Review of Mary Clayton, The Apocryphal Gospels of Mary in Anglo-Saxon England.” Church History 68 (1999).
“Assumption of the Virgin.” Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Edited by David Noel Freedman, Allen C. Meyers, and Astrid B. Beck. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999.